Sunday 1 September 2019

Cheselden by Weekes after Roubiliac

William Cheselden (1688 - 1752).

by Henry Weekes (1807 - 77).

after Louis Francois Roubiliac.


St Thomas's Hospital, London.

Photographed by the author using an i phone.

I have posted on the plaster bust of Cheselden by Roubiliac at the Royal College of Surgeons:

Included here are a few notes on the plaster bust of John Belchier also by Roubiliac and at the Royal College of Surgeons.


These images above from Roubiliac by Mrs Esdaile pub. 1929.


  I am very grateful to Bruce Simpson, Curator, Royal College of Surgeons for providing this photograph.

These are the best photographs currently available.

I will contact the Royal College of Surgeos again and attempt to obtain some more up to date examples.

William Cheselden

Godfrey Kneller (1646 - 1723).


oil on canvas

H 127 x W 102 cms.

presented by G. W. Pimblett, 1988
Hunterian Museum London

Royal College of Surgeons

Painting by Godfrey Kneller, three-quarter-length seated wearing beret, right hand at breast, the figure of Hygeia in an alcove beyond him. 

Royal College of Surgeons (illus. A. Kidson, Earlier British Paintings in the Lady Lever Art Gallery, 1999, p 137; see J. D. Stewart, ‘King William the Deliverer and Shakespeare’s Hopeful Harry of Hereford’, Apollo, CXLII, November 1995, pp 29, 32 n39). Probably the signed and dated version with Henry Graves in 1860 (Sir George Scharf’s Trustees’ Sketch Books, 3:80).


William Cheselden
Jonathan Richardson
Royal College of Surgeons


William Cheselden
John Faber after Jonathan Richardson.

image courtesy Wellcome Collection.


after Richardson
John Faber 

Lettered below the image with the title, continuing "Surgeon to her late Majesty Queen Caroline Surgeon to St. THomas's Hospital, & to the Royal-College at Chelsea. Fellow of the Royal Society And Member of the Royal Academy of Surgery at Paris.", and "I. Richardson pinxt. / I. Faber fecit 1753. / Price 2s.6d. Sold at the Golden Head near the Church Bloomsbury Square.".

British Museum

© The Trustees of the British Museum


William Cheselden giving an anatomical demonstration to six spectators in the anatomy-theatre of the Barber-Surgeons' Company, London.

Oil painting, ca. 1730/1740.

Wellcome Library, London.


William Cheselden
by Jonathan Richardson
circa 1730
140 mm x 118 mm
NPG 4995

Inscribed verso: Wm. Chiselden Esq Surgn with Richardson the elder’s JR monogram stamp; the mount is inscribed in ink in an 18th-century hand, recto and verso: Mr. Chiselden.

William Cheselden
Britisah  Museum


All known portraits   biography and References:


Painting by Godfrey Kneller, three-quarter-length seated wearing beret, right hand at breast, the figure of Hygeia in an alcove beyond him. Royal College of Surgeons (illus. A. Kidson, Earlier British Paintings in the Lady Lever Art Gallery, 1999, p 137; see J. D. Stewart, ‘King William the Deliverer and Shakespeare’s Hopeful Harry of Hereford’, Apollo, CXLII, November 1995, pp 29, 32 n39). Probably the signed and dated version with Henry Graves in 1860 (Sir George Scharf’s Trustees’ Sketch Books, 3:80).


Chalk drawing by Jonathan Richardson, bust with wig, looking left. British Museum (1902-8-22-36; see Master Drawings from the National Portrait Gallery, exhibition catalogue, Tulsa, Miami, Washington DC, Ottawa, NPG, Manchester, Carlisle, Canterbury, 1994, XXXII/3, pp 215, 218; C. Gibson-Wood, Jonathan Richardson, 2000, p 79 illus.). Three times the size of NPG 4995 and probably executed at about the same time.

Painting by Jonathan Richardson, half-length wearing cap, showing remarkable girth. Royal College of Surgeons, presented 1753 (illus. Connoisseur, LXXXI, 1928, p 82; W. LeFanu, Catalogue of Portraits … [at] the Royal College of Surgeons, 1960, no.45). Exhibited Second Special Exhibition of National Portraits ( ... William and Mary to MDCCC), South Kensington, 1867, no.237. Engraved J. Faber II (J. Chaloner Smith, British Mezzotinto Portraits, 79). Other versions are at Westminster Hospital (presented by the sitter), and St Thomas’s Hospital (purchased from Bonham’s in January 1973); a copy is in the Royal Australasian College of Surgeons (illus. A. Bearly, Portraits in the Royal Australasian College of Surgeons, 1993, p 77), and see F. B. Cockett, STH Gazette, Spring, 1979, pp 4-7).


Drawing by Gerard Vandergucht, profile bust. Royal Academy, lent to the Royal College of Surgeons 1953 (W. LeFanu, Catalogue of Portraits … [at] the Royal College of Surgeons, 1960, no.47, pl.42).


Terracotta bust by L.-F. Roubiliac, wearing turban, with open shirt. Royal College of Surgeons, presented 1804 (W. LeFanu, Catalogue of Portraits … [at] the Royal College of Surgeons, 1960, no.46, pl.11; illus. M. Baker, Figured in Marble, The Making and Viewing of eighteenth-century Sculpture, 2000, p 106, no.83).

Image and info from National Portrait Gallery website:


For Art UK website with works relating to Cheselden see -


for Cheselden's Osteographia, Pub 1733. 

in reasonably high resolution see - 

See also The English Virtuoso: Art, Medicine, and Antiquarianism in the Age of Empiricism

By Craig Ashley Hanson page 153.


John Belchier

The plaster bust at the Royal College of Surgeons

John Belchier (1706 - 85).

Louis Francois Roubiliac .


Royal College of Surgeons.

 I am very grateful to Bruce Simpson, Curator, Royal College of Surgeons for providing this photograph (above).

There is mention of busts of John Belchier and Dr Richard Mead in the Museum at Guys Hospital in an inventory published in 1829 by Thomas Hodgkin.

 John Belchier (1706-1785) who was at Guy's Hospital 1736-68. He discovered at about the time of his Guy's appointment that the vegetable dye madder stained newly forming bone tissue, opening up the study of the growth and development of the skeleton, which was vigorously taken forward by Henri-Louis Duhamel du Monceau and John Hunter. , and was a member of the Court of Assistants at the Company of Surgeons from 1751 to 1785. [Wikipedia]

The Oxford DNB entry is more extensive:  "John Belchier  (bap. 1706, d. 1785), surgeon, the son of James Belchier, innkeeper and bailiff of Kingston, was born at Kingston, Surrey, and was baptized there on 5 March 1706. He entered Eton College as a king's scholar in 1716. On leaving school he was apprenticed to William Cheselden, head surgeon at St Thomas's Hospital, London. By perseverance Belchier became eminent in his profession, and in 1736 he was appointed surgeon to Guy's Hospital. In 1732 he was elected a fellow of the Royal Society.  He was a founding governor of the Foundling Hospital, a charity created by Royal Charter in 1739. Belchier was awarded the Copley Medal by the Royal Society in 1737, and his name appears on the list of the council from 1769 to 1772.

He contributed some papers to the society's Philosophical Transactions. On Belchier's retirement as surgeon of Guy's Hospital he was elected one of its governors, and also a governor of St Thomas's Hospital. He had an exaggerated reverence for the name of Guy, saying ‘that no other man would have sacrificed £150,000 for the benefit of his fellow-creatures’. In the Gentleman's Magazine for 1743 is the following story:
One Stephen Wright, who, as a patient, came to Mr. Belchier, a surgeon, in Sun Court, being alone with him in the room clapt a pistol to his breast, demanding his money. Mr. Belchier offered him two guineas, which he refused; but, accepting of six guineas and a gold watch, as he was putting them in his pocket Mr. Belchier took the opportunity to seize upon him, and, after a struggle, secured him. (GM, 1st ser., 13, 1743, 50)

A stout but active man, Belchier died suddenly in Sun Court, Threadneedle Street, on 6 February 1785 after returning from Batson's Coffee House. His manservant had attempted to raise his master but was told ‘No John—I am dying. Fetch me a pillow; I may as well die here as anywhere else’ (Wilks and Bettany, 127). He was buried in the founder's vault in the chapel attached to Guy's Hospital."


John Belchier
Ozias Humphrey RA

Oil on Canvas
126 x 101.5 cms

Wellcome Collection


John Belchier (1706 - 1785).
 by Ozias Humphrey (1742 - 1810).
Oil on Canvas
76 x 64 cms
 Presented by Henry Watson in 1785 to Royal College of Surgeons.

Friday 23 August 2019

Handel a pastel by Thomas Hudson and an Anonymous oil portrait at the Trinity Laban Conservatoire of Music and Dance

Portrait of George Friederic Handel

Thomas Hudson (1701 - 1779).

1701 Devonshire - 1779 Twickenham.

Sold Hampel Fine Art Auctions Munich Lot 282, 7April 2016

Pastel on paper.

39.7 x 32.8 cm.

Inscribed, dated and signed “Hudson. f. this one Day of June 1743/ George Friederic Handel” in brown ink along the lower edge.

Framed with glass in gilt frame topped with rocaille ornament.

Accompanied by a detailed report listing comparable examples and relevant bibliographical references.

Auction Hotel Drouot, Paris, 12 September 1920, lot 196.
Belgian private collection.

John Kerslake, Early Georgian Portraits, volume I, London 1977, p. 124.

I am very grateful to Julia Semmer of the Handel House Museum for alerting me to this very important dated image of the composer.



Trinity Laban Conservatoire of Music and Dance

From the website of Art UK.

Described there as:

c. 1730.

Three-Quarter-Length Portrait of a Seated Gentleman Wearing a Wig and Brown Coat

Thomas Hudson (1701–1779) (circle of).

To my eye a more than competent portrait of Handel perhaps a little earlier than the pastel by Hudson above.

No provenance
oil on canvas

H 145 x W 127 cm

The portrait on the staircase at the Trinity Laban Conseratoire in Greenwich.

The frame appears to be later than the portrait with applied musical motifs in composition 
perhaps late 18th Century

Once again I am very grateful to Julia Semmer.


Thomas Hudson

Handel was portrayed in 1749 and 1756 by Thomas Hudson. The older of the two pictures was discovered in 1869 by the Hamburg Handel researcher Friedrich Chrysander in the home of Handel's descendants, in Calbe on the Saale and acquired by Chrysander. 

He left the painting to the Hamburg merchant Friedrich G├╝ltzow with the condition that it be transferred after his death to the Hamburg City Library, which happened in 1883.

Monday 19 August 2019

The English 18th Century Chimneypiece.

The English 18th Century Chimneypiece.

I have recently started a parallel blog on a parallel subject - the design and manufacture of the English Chimney piece in the 18th century.

It is a subject that I have been interested in for a very long time - I ran one of the earliest of the new wave of architectural salvage and architectural antiques business in England in Bath from April 1982 until April 1985.

Given that most sculptors of the period also made architectural sculpture it seems a logical thing to add further knowledge to the subject of 17th and 18th century English (and Irish and Scottish) sculpture.

I have also set up another blog in order to post on Church Monuments of the 17th and 18th centuries.
I have, in the past dwelt on the portrait bust in secular situations, but this I believe was rather short sighted given the huge amount of excellent sculpture, particularly portrait sculpture to be found in sometimes long neglected English Churches.

It would be very gratifying to have a few followers on these blogs 

The first few entries in the Chimney Piece blog are on the Chimneypiece in 18th century pattern books.

The images below are from Thomas Malton's  A Treatise on Perspective of 1777.

I have included plate XXXV here because it illustrates a bust mounted in the pediment on a pipe organ.

Wednesday 24 July 2019

The Marble Bust of Handel by Roubiliac at the Foundling Hospital Museum - and terracotta busts of Handel, Shakespeare and Milton by Roubiliac - update.

The Original Terracotta Bust of Handel 
by Roubiliac 
at the Foundling Hospital Museum.

There are two original busts in terracotta by Roubiliac above is the Bartleman/Barrett bust

Photographs above taken by the author


see -

The Grimsthorpe terracotta (above).

these snaps from


I have written at great length on the busts of Handel 

see further posts.

etc etc.


The 1762 Roubiliac Sale Handel Busts.

There were 5 Plaster busts, one terracotta and two moulds included in the sale .

Further references to the busts of Handel in the 18th and 19th centuries.

John Blackwood. Feb 1788, lot 1326 Roubiliac Marble busto of Handel.

John Stanley, Christie's 24 June 1786, lot 89, a remarkable fine bust, exquisitely modelled, by Roubiliac.

The Morning Post

22 June 1786.

This fascinating snippet above refers to busts of Milton, Shakespeare and Handel exquisitely modelled by Roubiliac. The wording suggests that these three busts were terracottas modelled by Roubiliac. 

This is all the more remarkable given that John Stanley (1712 -1786) master of the Kings music was blinded in accident at the age of two. Stanley began a partnership with John Christopher Smith Jnr the former amanuensis of Handel after the death of Handel in 1760.

The snippet above probably refers to the Grimsthorpe terracotta bust of Handel, the other terracotta bust having most likely (I have no evidence) been passed down through the family from Jonathan Tyers, proprieter of Vauxhall Gardens and the commissioner of the Vauxhall Gardens full length marble of Handel.

56.2 cms
purchased 1925.

Photograph National Galleries of Scotland.


Garrick Club Terracotta Bust of Shakespeare.

I have previously written in this blog on the Garrick Club terracotta of Shakespeare and the apocryphal story of its discovery walled up in the Dukes Theatre in Portugal Street, Lincolns Inn Fields. 

Given that there is a terracotta version of this bust at the British Museum purchased by Matthew Matey at the Roubiliac sale in 1762 and that the provenance of the Garrick Club terracotta Shakespeare is obscure prior to 1834

This  Communication in 2015 from Marcus Risdell former curator of the Garrick Club Collection.

'Roubiliac original terracotta bust 1) Garrick Club bust, (rediscovered by William Clift, first curator of the Hunterian Museum) in 1834 (source is Clift's papers held at Royal College of Surgeons) it was found in the garden of No 39 Lincoln's Inn Fields by a water pump in a position I have identified in surveys made by the Royal College of Surgeons to have been right by the main entrance. 

It became known through association of the theatre as the Davenant Bust, but as we now suspect was sited at the theatre by Henry Giffard who attempted the last theatrical season there in 1742-43 (Incidentally Giffard also used a full size Scheemakers Shakespeare as a pantomime stage prop at his previous theatre Goodman's Fields where he first put on Garrick. 

This I covered in the catalogue: The Face & Figure of Shakespeare at Orleans House Gallery. Anyway I digress: the bust passed to Professor Owen who showed it at the Crystal palace, where it came to the attention of the Duke of Devonshire who bought it and gave it to the Garrick Club, who incidentally used to use it as a door stop'.

I think not an unusual fate for portrait busts - the  16th century Lumley / Pomfret marble bust of Henry VIII suffered similar humiliation whilst it was in theAshmolean Museum offices, until rescued in the mid 20th century ( communication from Michael Vickers).

See my original post on the Garrick Club bust of Shakespeare

There is no marble version of the Garrick or British Museum bust, but to confuse issues there is a marble bust of Shakespeare which can very reasonably be attributed to Roubiliac (below). 

Given the usual practise of making a terracotta prototype for a marble bust it is possible that the Morning Post news cutting refers to another missing terracotta, one of three mentioned in the Roubiliac sale catalogue.

The Fordham Marble bust of William Shakespeare
Provenance: Acquired by AR Fordham's grandfather in 1859,
sold Sotheby's, Lot 54, on 15 November 1929.

Perhaps Shakespeare Lot 74 sold on the fourth day of the Roubiliac Sale on Saturday 15th May 1762.

Given that there are no marble versions of the terracotta Garrick / Davenant and British Museum Maty busts extant or mentioned elsewhere this is a very distinct possibility.

Attributed to Louis Francois Roubiliac
Folger Shakespeare Library.


The British Museum terracotta bust of Shakespeare was bought by Dr Matthew Matey at the Posthumous Roubiliac Sale held at the Studio in St Martin's Lane by Langfords of the Piazza Covent Garden.

The only copy so far discovered of the sale catalogue is in the Finberg Collection at the British Museum. Unfortunately there is no annotation.

The Maty is either lot 73 or lot 83 on the second day 13 May 1762, or lot 86 on the Third day 14 May 1762.

For more on this bust and the other busts purchased by Dr Matthew Maty at the Roubiliac sale and now in the British Museum see:
Portrait Sculpture, A Catalogue of the British Museum Collection. c 1675 -1975,
Aileen Dawson, pub. British Museum Press, 1999.

A serendipitous discovery whilst searching for something else:

An 1824 catalogue of the stock of Horatio Rodd, 9 Great Newport Street, Longacre. Covent Garden.

The terracotta bust of Handel by Roubiliac with Mr Rodd formerly in the possession of James Bartleman (1769 - 1821), who had purchased it at the sale of Bryant Barret (1743 - 1809) proprietor of Vauxhall Gardens, who had taken over the management on the death of his father in law Jonathan Tyers the Younger in 1792

On the recommendation of the ill fated sculptor William Behnes (1795 - 1864) it was purchased by Sir Frederick Pollock, Lord Chief Baron of the Exchequer and a Vice President of the Hospital and presented to the Hospital.

Thomas Rodd the Elder father of Horatio Rodd  (1763 - 1822) was a publisher/printer.

At 2 Great Newport Street, Long Acre, London (in 1818 until at least 1851), the business was also at 17 Little Newport Street, Leicester Square, London (in 1819-1820).

Printseller and publisher; worked with his two sons, Thomas Rodd the Younger (1796-1849) and Horatio Rodd (fl. 1798-1858).

For the Sale of the Roubiliac terracotta bust of Handel by Horatio Rodd see 

No illustration of the Handel bust but some amusing engravings of the portraits available from Mr Rodd (below).

The Rudd Catalogue available online at:


From -

A Biographical Dictionary of Nineteenth Century Antique - 
White Rose

by MW Westgarth - ‎2009

I have taken the liberty and copied and pasted the biographical details of Rodd and the two illustrations below.

This is a fantastic truly excellent well researched resource for anyone interested in thew history of Antique dealers and Antique dealing in the 19th century.

RODD, Horatio

Horatio Rodd (1798–1858) is listed as ‘picture dealer’ at 3 Panton Street, Haymarket, London, in the Post Office Directory for 1822 and at the same address in 1833. Rodd is listed as ‘picture dealer’ at 23 Little Newport Street in Pigot’s Directory, 1824 and at 17 Air Street, Piccadilly in 1826. 

Horatio Rodd was the second son of the well known book seller, writer and poet, Thomas Rodd (1763–1822), who originally traded as ‘imitation gem merchant’ in Sheffield in 1804, later becoming a book seller in London, trading from 2 Great Newport Street from c1809 and in partnership with his son Thomas (1796–1849) as T & H Rodd, booksellers and publishers; listed at 17 Little Newport Street in 1820. 

Thomas Rodd retired to the country in 1821 and Mr Sotheby sold the ‘Valuable stock of copper plates with of Mr Rodd’, in December 1822. Thomas Rodd died at Clothall End, near Baldock, Hertfordshire, on November 27th 1822, aged 59.

Following a bankruptcy, Horatio Rodd is also known to have traded as book seller, in partnership with his brother, Thomas Rodd Jnr. Horatio Rodd, of Jermyn Street, Piccadilly, ‘dealer in curiosities’ was declared bankrupt in February 1830 and again in August 1844.

Horatio Rodd was secretary of The Virtuosi Fund (also known as The Dealers in Fine Arts Provident Institution), which was established in 1842 for the assistance of members and their wives and children who ‘had kept shop, showroom, or gallery, principally for the sale of works of art’.

Horatio Rodd is regularly recorded as both buyer and seller of paintings at various London auction
rooms during the period 1824–1840. Rodd also regularly issued catalogues of his stock; in a catalogue dated 1824, issued from his Great Newport Street address, Rodd lists several pieces of ancient oak furniture and other curiosities as well as prints of British portraits and topographical prints of British counties and included ‘ancient stained glass’ and ‘six antique high-backed chairs, very finely carved in walnuttree…£7.7s’. Rodd also published a ‘Catalogue of Painted British Portraits’ in 1824, 1825 and one in 1827, (issued from his 17 Air Street, Piccadilly address), which included paintings priced between 2gns and 60gns, including ‘William Hogarth’s portrait of Lord Lovat’.

An 1842 catalogue included a ‘prie-dieu of the time of Francis Premier…£5.5s’ and an ‘Elizabethan chimneypiece from an old house at Bow, Middlesex… £15.15s’ (figures 6 & 7). The auctioneer George Robins (q.v.) sold the ‘Valuable and Highly interesting Stock of English of Mr H. Rodd’, on 19th July 1849.

Rodd sold ancient objects etc to the collector G. W. Braikenridge (1775–1856) of Broomwell House near Bristol in the 1820s and 1830s (figure 19). Rodd offered Braikenridge a pair of candlesticks in 1834, purchased in conjunction with the dealer John Swaby (q.v.) from the auction sale at Lee Priory, as well as selling Braikenridge the set of six walnut-tree chairs that Rodd included in his 1824 catalogue and a large amount of carved woodwork which Braikenridge installed at Broomwell House
The portrait painter Abraham Wivell in his ‘Supplement to an Inquiry into the history, authenticity & characteristics of the Shakespeare Portraits’ (1827) records that ‘Mr Rodd, a dealer in paintings, has a portrait of Shakespeare, which was done in the year 1700. It is rather small, but an interesting picture; it bears a resemblance to the Chandos portrait...’ ‘Rodd, the bookseller of Little Newport Street’ is recorded as the purchaser of the Chandos Portrait of Shakespeare at the Stowe auction sale in 1848, (355gns) acting as the agent for Lord Ellesmere.

The dealer John Coleman Isaac recorded that he sold Rodd a pair of enamel candlesticks
prior to 1841.

Horatio Rodd is recorded as the buyer of at least 48 lots at the auction sale of the contents of Strawberry Hill in 1842, including ‘a portrait of Costanza Fregoss, by Holbein’ (lot 66, 20th day, £28.7.0.); ‘a portrait of Margaret Smith, wife of Thomas Carlyle, by Vandyck’, (lot 87, 20th day, £78.15.0.); ‘a small portrait in oil of Philip Melancthon, by Holbein’, (lot 43, 20th day, £15.15.0.) and ‘a curious old German blue and white jug and 2 old English bottles, dated 1646’ (lot 132, 12th day, £2.5.0.).

Rodd also bought a small number of lots, mainly portraits, at the auction sale of the contents of Stowe in 1848, including, a portrait of ‘a gentleman – temp. Elizabeth’, (lot 25, 21st day, £4.15.0.) and a portrait of ‘Anne Hyde, Duchess of York’ by ‘Kneller’, (lot 354, £34.13.0.). Horatio Rodd was also a subscriber to Henry Forster’s Stowe Catalogue Priced and Annotated (1848).

[John Coleman Isaac archive, MS139/AJ53, no.51, Hartley Library, University of Southampton;

 George Weare Braikenridge archive, 14182(HB)/C/38–46, Bristol City Record Office;

Abraham Wivell, A Supplement to an inquiry into the history, authenticity & characteristics of the Shakespeare Portraits (1827),p. 29;

H. Burn, Aedes Strawberrianae, (1842);

Horatio Rodd, Remarks on the Chandos portrait of Shakespeare, (1849);

Horatio Rodd, Catalogue of All the pictures of J.M.W. Turner, (1857);

George Redford, Art Sales, (1888), (2 vols.), passim;

W. Roberts, Memorials of Christie’s; a record of art sales from 1766 to 1896, (1896), (2 vols.), vol.II, p. 149;

Sheena Stoddard, Mr Braikenridge’s Brislington (1981), p. 18, p. 25, p. 36, p. 53, p. 57;

Clive Wainwright, The Romantic Interior, the British collector at home 1750–1850, (1989), p. 56, p. 58;

Charles Tracy, Continental Church Furniture, a traffic in piety, (2001), p. 45, p. 63; 

Oxford Dictionary of National Biography; 

Getty Provenance Index Databases,


For a brief history of the Bryants and Vauxhall Gardens see -