Monday 30 April 2018

Brian Duppa, bust by John Cheere Codrington Library

The Codrington Library Plaster Busts by John Cheere

All Souls College, Oxford University.

Part 15, Brian Duppa (1588 - 1662).
Bishop of Winchester.

Fellow of All Souls 1612.

He was educated at Westminster School and Christ Church, Oxford, graduating BA in 1609.

 According to the list of Vicars in Westham Church he was vicar at this Sussex parish from 1625.Vice-Chancellor of the University of Oxford in 1632. He became chaplain to Edward Sackville, 4th Earl of Dorset, who as his patron helped him become Dean of Christ Church.

He was chaplain to Charles I from 1634, and tutor to his two sons. He was regarded as a follower of William Laud. He was involved in the approval by Charles I of the manuscript of Eikon Basilike, reading it to the King in Carisbrooke Castle.

Duppa was made Bishop of Chichester (1638). From two years later (marking the start of the Civil War) until death he lived much more quietly at Richmond (as Bishop of Salisbury from 1641), one of the few Anglican bishops to remain in office during the English Interregnum.

In 1660, on the return from exile of Charles II of England to restore the monarchy, Duppa was made Bishop of Winchester, and Lord Almoner. He died two years later.

Lord Almoner (7 July 1660[1]–1662) & Prelate of the Garter (1660–1662)[2]
Bishop of Salisbury (December 1641 –1660)
Bishop of Chichester (13 June 1638 {confirmed} –1641)
Vice-Chancellor of the University of Oxford (1632–1634)

Dean of Christ Church (1628–1638).

Brian Duppa (1588–1662)

Brian Duppa, 
oil on canvas
127 x 104.1 cms

Christchurch, Oxford University.

Image from Art UK



Portrait of Brian Duppa, half length in an oval frame, wearing skull-cap, collar and robes of office; frontispiece to his 'Holy Rules' (1679). Copy of an engraving by Robert White.  Engraving

Brian Duppa

'Holy Rules' (1679). Copy of an engraving by Robert White. Engraving

British Museum

Brian Duppa
Robert White
99 x 62 mm

© National Portrait Gallery, London


Gilbert Sheldon bust John Cheere Codrington Library

The Codrington Library Plaster Busts by John Cheere

All Souls College, Oxford University.

Part 14.   Dr Gilbert Sheldon (1598 - 1677).
Archbishop of Canterbury.

Fellow of All Souls.

Dr Gilbert Sheldon
Oil on canvas.
73.7 x 62.2 cms
All Souls College, Oxford.

Image courtesy Art UK.


Gilbert Sheldon
They say studio of Lely
1219 x 991 mm.
at Lyme Park

© National Portrait Gallery, London.


Gilbert Sheldon (1598–1677), Archbishop of Canterbury

Gilbert Sheldon
18th Century copy after Peter Lely

Oil on Canvas
121.8 x 91.

A gift from Thomas Ford in 1810

Trinity College, University of Oxford

Image Courtesy Art UK


Gilbert Sheldon, after Unknown artist, mid 17th century - NPG D16921 - © National Portrait Gallery, London

Gilbert Sheldon
Mid 17th Century engraving
88 x 67 plate size.

© National Portrait Gallery, London

Gilbert Sheldon, after Unknown artist, mid 18th century - NPG D29523 - © National Portrait Gallery, London

Gilbert Sheldon
After Lely
Mid 18th Century engraving
177 x 103 plate size

© National Portrait Gallery, London

Portrait of Gilbert Sheldon, when Bishop of London, half length in an oval frame on a pedestal, wearing skull-cap, collar and episcopal robes; coat of arms on pedestal. Engraving

Gilbert Sheldon when Bishop of London
after Peter Lely
 David Loggan
1658 - 63
281 x 180 mm.

Image British Museum

Portrait of Gilbert Sheldon, half-length, in an architectural oval surmounted with foliate scrolls, slightly turned to the right, dressed in a chimere over his rochet, a Canterbury cap on his head, his arms below, after Lely, , illustration to the eight v

Gilbert Sheldon
George Vertue
Illustration to the eight volume edition of Rapin and Tindall's "History of England" (1745)

177 x 104 mm.

Image British Museum

Portrait, three-quarter length, seated; wearing square cap, beard and mustache, and episcopal robes; holding a handkerchief in right hand and an open book in left hand; in the background, curtain, with floral pattern.  c.1665/85  Mezzotint

Gilbert Sheldon
Anonymous Mezzotint 
374 x 258 mm
1665 - 85.

British Museum

Coat of arms of Gilbert Sheldon, surmounted by crest of bishop's mitre at left and bird on helmet at right, in ornate frame, with swags of fruit behind and curtain above.  Etching

Coat of Arms of Gilbert Sheldon
Wenceslaus Hollar
108 x 76 mm
1652 - 67
Image - British Museum


All photographs taken by the author.

James Goldwell bust by John Cheere Codrington Library

The Codrington Library Plaster Busts by John Cheere

All Souls College, Oxford University.

Part 13. Dr James Goldwell (d. 1499).

Fellow of All Souls

President of St George’s Hall in the Castle, Oxford 1452

Rector of St John the Evangelist, London 1455

Rector of Rivenhall, Essex 1455

Prebendary of Widland in St Paul’s Cathedral 1457

Prebendary of Sneating in St Paul’s Cathedral 1458

Prebendary of Islington in St Paul’s Cathedral 1459 - 1461

Registrar of the Order of the Garter 1460

Rector of Cliffe-at-Hoo, Kent

Archdeacon of Essex, 1461

Canon of Hereford Cathedral 1461

Prebenary of Stratford in Salisbury Cathedral 1462.

Dean of Salisbury 1463

Principal Secretary of State to King Edward IV

Master of the Rolls 1471

Papal Protonotary

Bishop of Norwich 1472, consecrated at St Blaise, Rome

Goldwell was appointed to the sixth stall in St George's Chapel, Windsor Castle in 1460 and held this until 1472.

At Norwich he not only adorned his own palace, but completed the tower of the cathedral, fitted up the choir and chapels, covered the vaulting with lead, and had the arms of the benefactors painted on the walls and windows (Blomefield). 

By his will, dated 10 June 1497, he left 146l. 13s. 4d. for the foundation of a chantry in the chapel of All Souls' College, Oxford, besides having given money to the college during his lifetime.

All photographs above taken by the author.


Monument to Goldwell in Norwich Cathedral

Thomas Tanner bust by John Cheere Codrington Library

The Codrington Library Plaster Busts by John Cheere

All Souls College, Oxford University.

Part 12. Bishop Thomas Tanner (1674 - 1735).

Fellow of All Souls.

for a very useful entry in Dict. of Nat. Biog see -,_Thomas_(1674-1735)_(DNB00)

Thomas Tanner Bishop of St Asaph
Oil on Canvas
124.5 x 100.3 cms.
Image courtesy Christ Church College, University of Oxford.
Art UK

Thomas Tanner, by George Vertue, 1736 - NPG D40817 - © National Portrait Gallery, London
Thomas Tanner, Bishop of St Asaphs
George Vertue
384 x 259 mm plate

© National Portrait Gallery, London


This portrait bust seems to have derived from the Vertue engraving

Richard Steward bust by John Cheere Codrington Library

The Codrington Library Plaster Busts by John Cheere

All Souls College, Oxford University.

Part 11. Richard Steward (1593 - 1651).

Fellow of All Soul's College.

Richard Steward was nominated Dean of Westminster in 1645 but he followed the future Charles II into exile during the English Civil War so was never installed. 

He was a son of Nicholas Steward of Northamptonshire and his first wife Anne (Madox) and was baptised on 3 August 1595 at Patehul, Northamptonshire. He had a brother George. Possibly educated at Westminster School but he does not appear in their lists. He matriculated at Magdalen Hall, Oxford on 1 December 1609. He graduated B.A. in 1612, M.A. in 1615, B.C.L. in 1617, and D.C.L. on 3 July 1624. 

In 1613 he was elected fellow of All Souls' College, and in 1622 served in the office of proctor.

Having taken orders, he became rector of Harrietsham, Kent, in 1626, and on 17 July 1629 was named prebendary of Worcester. In the following year he also became vicar of Aldbourne, and rector of Mildenhall, Suffolk, and of Alton Barnes, Wiltshire. 

With the last benefice he also held a canonry at Salisbury. On 6 March 1635 he received in addition the deanery of Chichester.  In 1638 he resigned his stall at Worcester on becoming prebendary of Westminster but did not take up his post because of the civil war. In 1739 he was made Provost of Eton College.

He was made a chaplain in ordinary and clerk of the closet to Charles I in 1636, and two years later he received an annuity of £100 from the royal exchequer.

He held several other posts including , prebendary of St Paul's cathedral and Dean of the Chapel Royal. He also was Clerk of the Closet and Chaplain in Ordinary to the King.

His wife was Jane, daughter of Sir William Button, and they had two sons - Charles died in 1698. Richard died in Paris on 14 November 1656 and was buried in the Protestant cemetery at St Germain des Pres.


For a biography of Richard Steward see Life of Richard Steward by the Rev. Nicholas Pocock, pub 1908 but from a manuscript of 1852 available on line - see -


Richard Steward

An oil painting of him, probably copied from that by Adriaen Hanneman (below), was purchased by Westminster Abbey in 1954 and hangs in the Deanery.

Another copy is at Eton College - perhaps the version that the above was copied from.

This photograph above from the Westminster Abbey website - as usual they purposely make it low resolution in order to monetise their holdings. One can purchase a photograph from the abbey.

see -

Richard Steward (1593?–1651)

Richard Steward (1693 - 1651).
Adrian Hanneman (c. 1601 - 1671)
Oil on Canvas
83.5 x 68cms
Purchased 1997.
Image Courtesy All Souls College, Oxford
Art UK


I can find no contemporary engraving of the portrait which suggests that Cheere probably used the portrait at Eton College.


Sunday 29 April 2018

Christopher Wren but by John Cheere, Codrington Library

The Codrington Library Plaster Busts by John Cheere

All Souls College, Oxford University.

Part 11, Sir Christopher Wren.

For a fairly in depth look at the portraits and sculptures of Sir Christopher Wren see my post -

Sir Christopher Wren
Godfrey Kneller.

A portrait of Sir Christopher Wren (1632–1723), bewigged, seated in a red velvet side chair, left hand to his waist. He is dressed in a black velvet coat with gold buttons and breeches with a white neck scarf.
Wren's achievement is alluded to by the pair of dividers which he holds, the copy of 'Euclid' and the plan of the West End of the Cathedral.


Sir Christopher Wren
After Godfrey Kneller

Christopher Wren son of Sir Christopher


All photographs above taken by the author with a telephoto lense, under very difficult conditions.
The light was very low, and all the busts are about 20 ft above the floor on top of the bookcases.