Thursday, 24 September 2015

3 Dassier - The Medallions of the Kings and Queens of England - 1731

The Medallions of the Kings and Queens of England, 1731.
by Jean Dassier (1676 - 1763).
Part 3.
Each Medallion 41 mm diam.
All images courtesy Ben Weiss - I am very grateful for his support and assistance.
I would like to thank Professor Ben Weiss, Emeritus Professor of Pharmacology and Physiology
Drexel University College of Medicine,
 for allowing me to reproduce the photographs and captions.
A visit to his website is essential for anyone interested in pre 19th century European Medallions.
Edward III (1327 - 1377).
Obv: Bust of Edward III wearing a helmet decorated with a dragon, the device of Cadwallader.    EDOUARD. III. D.G. ANG. FR. ET HIB. REX.
Rev: Circular temple, with a statue of Mars, symbolic of the warlike nature of Edward. On the base are two cupids: one is holding a garter, an allusion to the establishment of the Order of the Garter, and the other, is holding an olive branch, an allusion to the King’s victorious career. On the base is inscribed:  
NAT. J312. COR. J327. MORT. J377
Signed: J. D.
Ref: M.I. i, 9/8; Eimer 28/12; Thompson 25/11; Eisler I, 256/13a
Richard II (1377 - 99).
Obv: Bust of Richard II    RICHARDVS. II. D.G. ANG. FR. ET. HIB. REX.
Rev: A sepulchral monument, on which are two infants, one holding a cypress, the other a skull and a dagger, in allusion to the King’s tragic death. The bas-relief on the base represents him in the dungeon of Pontefract Castle, with a crown, sword and scepter at his feet.
Exergue:  NAT. J366. COR. J377 MORT. J399.
Signed: I. D.
Ref: M.I. i, 10/2; Eimer 28/13; Thompson 25/12; Eisler I, 257/14
Henry IV (1399 - 1413).
Obv: Bust of Henry IV (l) wearing embroidered robe and veil with Lancastrian rose    HENRICUS. IV. D.G. ANG. FR. ET. HIB. REX.
Rev: Tomb surmounted by reclining figure of Death holding a scythe in one hand and an ax in the other, surrounded by military trophies. Below the tomb is a bas-relief representing at left Prince John of Lancaster ordering his officers to suppress the rebellion of Scrope, Archbishop of York, and Mowbry, Earl Marshal. The crushing of the rebel forces is depicted at right. (From Eisler)
On base:
Ref: M.I. i, 12/6; Eimer 28/15; Thompson 26/13; Eisler I, 257/15
From An Explanation of Dassier's Medals of the Sovereigns of England, a series of six engraved plates of the Kings and Queens of England, by Pye, c. 1773
Henry V (1413 - 22).
Obv: Bust of Henry V    HENRICUS. V. D.G. ANG. FR. ET. HIB. REX.
Rev: Henry, amid captured arms, is reclining on monument in form of a sarcophagus. Fame is crowning him and sounding his praises. A skull between palm and laurel branches decorates the side.
  NATUS 1388 CORONAT. 1413 MORT. 1422.
Ref: M.I. i, 12/6; Eimer 28/16; Eisler I, 257/16a; Thompson 26/14
Henry VI (1422 - 61).
Obv: Bust of Henry VI    HENRICUS. VI. D.G. ANG. FR. ET. HIB. REX.
Exergue:  NAT. 1421. COR. 1422. MORT. 1471.
Rev: Statue of Time in niche of a temple holding a crown in one hand and manacles in the other, an allusion to the throne and prison he alternately occupied.
Signed: J.D.
Ref: M.I. i, 16/6; Eimer 28/17; Eisler I, 258/17; Thompson 27/15

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