Thursday, 24 September 2015

4 - Dassier - The Medallions of the Kings and Queens of England - 1731

The Medallions of the Kings and Queens of England, 1731.
by Jean Dassier (1676 - 1763).
Part 4.
Each Medallion 41 mm diam.
All images courtesy Ben Weiss - I am very grateful for his support and assistance.
I would like to thank Professor Ben Weiss, Emeritus Professor of Pharmacology and Physiology
Drexel University College of Medicine,
 for allowing me to reproduce the photographs and captions.
A visit to his website is essential for anyone interested in pre 19th century European Medallions.

Edward IV (1461 - 70).
Obv: Bust of Edward IV    EDOUARD. IV. D.G. ANG. FR. ET. HIB. REX.
Rev: On monument, a figure of Fortune between a dismasted ship and another ship sailing before a gale, in allusion to the vicissitudes of the king’s career.
Exergue:  NAT. 1441. COR. 20. IUN. 1461. MORT. 9. APRIL. 1483.
Signed: I.D. F.
Ref: M.I. i, 18/4; Eimer 29/20; Eisler I, 258/18; Thompson 27/16;  Pollard II, 850/904
Edward V (1483).
Obv: Bust of Edward V    EDOUARD. V. D.G. ANG. FR. HIB. REX.
Rev: Monument decorated on top with two cherubs embracing, an allusion to the affection of the King and his brother. In front within a circle is depicted the scene of the murder of the two young princes. Below is inscribed:  NAT. 8. OCTOB. 1470. MORT 1483.
Signed: I. DASSIER F.
Ref: M.I. i, 18; Eimer 29/21; Thompson 28/17; Eisler I, 258/19a
Richard III (1483 - 85).
Obv: Bust of Richard III    RICHARDVS III. D.G. ANG. FR. ET. HIB. REX.
Rev: On sarcophagus, Fury holding crown and dagger, the object of Richard’s ambition and the means of obtaining it, near the two slain princes. On monument, a representation of the Battle of Bosworth Field.
Exergue:  CORONAT. 6. IVL. 1483. MORT. 22 AVG. 1485.
Ref: M.I. i, 19; Eimer 29/22; Eisler I, 259/20; Thompson 28/18
Henry VII (1485 - 1509).
Obv: Bust of Henry VII wearing a fur-lined robe and cap decorated with jewels.    HENRICUS. VII. D.G. ANG. FR. ET. HIB. REX.
Rev: Monument flanked by volutes and surmounted by a curving pediment. The latter is decorated with two united roses, symbolizing the union of the Houses of York and Lancaster. In the center is a bas-relief representing the king as Hercules seated at right and attended by Justice, Prudence and Abundance.
Exergue:  NAT. 1457. COR. 30. OCT. 1485. M. 22. APRIL 1509.

Ref: M.I. i, 23/6; Eimer 29/25; Thompson 28/19; Eisler I, 259/21
Henry VII.
Engraving by Michel Lasne (1590-1667). French.
C. 1630 - 67.
13.6 x 8.7 cm. Paper size.
Royal Collection.
Henry VIII (1509 - 47).
Obv: Bust of Henry VIII    HENRICUS. VIII. D.G. ANG. FR. ET. HIB. REX.
Rev: A square monument surmounted by a mask between two volutes and articulated by fluted pilasters. At the front is a bas-relief depicting the king as Hercules, club in hand, within a temple destroying the Papal tiara and keys which have been placed on an alter. Behind is a fire of faggots, emblematic of the fate of Roman Catholics and to which Henry consigned those who refused to acknowledge his supremacy. At the foot of the monument is Hymen holding one torch still burning, symbolizing the one marriage undissolved at the death of Henry, while five extinguished torches at his feet represent Henry’s previous marriages.
Exergue:  NAT. 1491. COR. 24 IUN. 1509. MORT. 28 IAN. 1547.
Signed: I.D.
Ref: M.I. i, 52/54; Eimer 29/27; Eisler I, 259/22; Thompson 29/20

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