Thursday, 24 September 2015

5 - Dassier - The Medallions of the Kings and Queens of England - 1731.

The Medallions of the Kings and Queens of England, 1731.
by Jean Dassier (1676 - 1763).
Part 5.
Each Medallion 41 mm diam.
All images courtesy Ben Weiss - I am very grateful for his support and assistance.
I would like to thank Professor Ben Weiss, Emeritus Professor of Pharmacology and Physiology
Drexel University College of Medicine,
 for allowing me to reproduce the photographs and captions.
A visit to his website is essential for anyone interested in pre 19th century European Medallions.

Edward VI (1547 - 53).
Obv: Bust of Edward VI wearing a cloak lined with ermine, embroidered doublet, and hat with feather.   EDOUARD. VI. D.G. ANG. FR. ET. HIB. REX.
Rev: Tomb monument flanked by volutes decorated with festoons of roses. In the center is a square bas-relief showing the king as an infant Hercules strangling a dragon, symbolizing the papacy, in imitation of the fable of Hercules strangling the serpent.
NAT. 12 OCTOB. 1537. COR. 20. FEBR. 1547. M.6 IUL. 1553.
Ref: M.I. i, 62/20; Eimer 30/30; Thompson 29/21; Eisler I, 260/23
Mary (1553 - 58).
Obv: Bust of Mary I    MARIA. I. D.G. ANG. FR. ET. HIB. REX.
Rev: Religion (Popery) with Papal tiara and cross seated before a monument; at the sides are a fire for burning heretics, and a column on which is hung a medallion with a portrait of Pope Paul IV surrounded by arms and implements of torture.
 NATA. 18 FEBR. 1516. COR. 1. OCTOB. 1553. MORT. 17.NOV 1558.
Ref: M.I. i, , 89/59; Eimer 31/38; Eisler I, 260/24; Thompson 30/22
Queen Mary (1553 - 58).
from Baziliologia - 1618.
There is no mistaking the source of Dassiers medallion on a personal note I have to say this is one of my all time favourite engravings. Deleram appears to make her apparent malevolence leaps from the paper.
Engraved by Francis Delaram
Published by Compton Holland,
Queen Mary by Sir Antonio More also known as
Sir Anthonis Mor,  Anthonis Mor van Dashorst and Antonio Moro.
Circa . 1554 There are three versions of this painting. This one is in the Prado in Madrid.
 Elizabeth I (1558 - 1603).
Obv: Bust of Elizabeth   ELISABETH D.G. ANG. FR. ET. HIB. REGINA.
Rev: Monument with a triangular pediment into which the Eye of God (Providence) has been inserted. The bas relief depicts the destruction of the Armada, with lightning bolts destroying the Spanish vessels. This is flanked on the left by Religion holding a bible and a lighted candle, symbolizing the Reformation, and on the right by Minerva holding a rudder and palm branch, symbolizing the learning, wisdom and prudence of Elizabeth. (Eisler)
Exergue:  NATA. 7. SEPT. 1533. COR. 15. IAN. 1559. M. 24 MART. 1602.
Signed: I.D.
Ref: M.I. i,185/193; Eimer 35/79; Eisler, 261/25; Thompson 30/23
James I (1603 - 25). 
Obv: Bust of James I    IACOBUS. I. D.G. M. BR. FR. ET. HIB. REX.
Rev: Tomb with two Genii, one of whom adds the Scottish Lion to the arms, alluding to the union of the two kingdoms, the other points to a book, alluding to the king’s fame as an author.
Exergue:  NAT. 19. IUN. 1556. CORON. 25. IUL 1603. MORT. 27 MART. 1625.
Ref: M.I. i, 237/104; Eimer 37/104; Eisler I, 262/26; Thompson 31/24
Charles I (1625 - 49).
Obv: Bust of Charles I    CAROLUS. I. D.G. M. BR. FR. ET. HIB. REX.
Rev: Britannia, seated on monument weeping, raises a pall revealing the amputated head of the king. On one side is an ax and on the other side a rose fallen from its stem.
Exergue:  NAT. 13 NOV. 1600. COR. 2. FEBR. 1626. M. IANV. 1649.
Signed:  I.D. F.
Charles was born Nov. 19, 1600.
Ref: M.I. i, 353/212; Eimer 43/164; Eisler I, 262/27; Thompson 31/25


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