When inspected in 2002 there
was a later cement fillet between the bust and socle giving the bust a
pronounced forward lean.
formerly in the collection of Lady Neave, Dagenham Hall, Essex.
61.3 page 250.
from the dealer Bert Crowther, and sold to Dr. W.L. Hildburgh, who
presented it to the museum in 1947.
The provenance provided by Crowther is perhaps not entirely reliable.
A few notes -
Dagnam Park, Romford,
Essex was occupied by the Army during the 2nd World War. Demolished
1948. The areas known as Harold Hill and
Noak Hill are now housing estates.
It would appear that the
Richard Neave first leased Dagnam in around 1749.
He was a wealthy London
merchant, trading between London, Sierra Leone, and the Americas, he
owned plantations on Nevis, the Leeward Islands and Montserrat.
In 1772 Dagnams was
purchased by his son also Richard Neave (d.1814). who demolished the
old house and built a splendid new mansion with gardens designed by
was Chairman of the Society of West Indian Merchants, Director of the
Hudson Bay Company and became Governor of the Bank of England
in 1780, Sheriff of Essex in 1794, and was created Baronet in 1795.
He was also in business
with a Mr Neate, perhaps Anthony Neate.
Neave and Aislabie
shipped provisions to Dominica, Jamaica, etc., a matter of £26,493.
House of Commons Journal, Vol. 41, p. 339, and Vol. 43. In July 1788,
Neave and Aislabie sent provisions to the West Indies for £20,636.
Major Sir Thomas Lewis
Hughs Neave, 5th Baronet b.1884 - died on 12 May 1940. He was
succeeded by his son Sir Arundell Neave who sold the estate to the
L.C.C. and moved to Anglesey.
Yale / Rosebery Bust of Alexander Pope by Louis Francois Roubiliac.
for the Study of British Art.
Signed and dated 1741.
on the Left hand side ALEX.Pope nats.
LONDINI, die 8 junii anno MDCLXXXVIII. Obiit in vico Twickenham
prope Urbem, die 8 maii MDCCXLIV.
on the right Anno Dom. MDCCXLI. L.F.Roubiliac Sc it. ad
is the version of the bust most closely related to the Barber
Institute Terra cotta bust described in the previous entry. See
Wimsatt, 61.1 page 244.
signed and dated ad vivum 1741, there is an inscription in the same
manner, recording the death of Pope at Twickenham on 8th May 1744,
suggesting that this bust was
completed posthumously but based on Popes sitting for the terra cotta
Pope visited the studio of Roubiliac in July of 1741, and reported to
Ralph Allen in Bath on the progress of busts for his library.
this bust was commissioned by Lord Bolingbroke, who was
a very close
acquaintance of Pope, although as far as can be ascertained there is
so far no documented proof
of his ownership.It
would seem that Bollingbroke
spent most of his time in France between 1739 and 1743.
Notes - There
link, however between Lord Bolingbroke, Pope and Roubiliac:
versions of busts of
Popeand Bollingbroketo the Earl of
Marchmont ( Victoria & Albert, National Arts Library, Ms 1578 -
1939. The Household Accounts of Hugh Campbell, 3rd Earl of Marchmont
1737- 1746. Press No. 1737-1746 National Arts Library).
Note - The Temple Newsam Marble bust is dated 1738 but the cutting of the hair is different to this bust - There are no plaster versions of the Temple Newsam bust that I am aware of.
two other busts of Pope of unknown material possibly marble which have not been
1. The Madame
Boccage Bust of Alexander Pope. Busts of Pope, Dryden, Milton and Shakespeare were sent
with 3 others to Paris in 1751 by Lord Chesterfield..
Mrs Esdaile makes a very good
case that the four busts for Mme Boccage’s garden sent to France
were Roubiliac marble busts. Mrs
Thrale saw them in her drawing room in 1775
2. Lord Bruce bust of Alexander Pope. Charles,
Lord Bruce,Viscount of Tottenham, d.1747. -Tottenham Park,
Wiltshire. Inventory of 14 Nov.1744.
(10 poets heads on painted and gilt brackets, one ditto Mr
Pope). Charles, Lord
Bruce a friend of Pope, m. Lady Julianna Boyle, sister of Lord
Burlington in 1720. Burlington provided plans for Tottenham Park
between 1730-40. (drawings at Chatsworth).
The fact that the Pope
bust is particularly noted is instructive. Although not stated as a Roubiliac
marble bust, he is the most likely candidate for its authorship. A gilt bracket from Tottenham Park is in the V&A.
I know of no other
versions by Rysbrack or Scheemakers in any material which might be
this bust. Of course it could have been a plaster version by
Pair of carved wood painted and gilded corbel brackets from Tottenham Park and now in the V and A
Possibly designed by Lord Burlington or William Kent. Most likely the latter if supplied with the busts of poets.
Lord Bruce’s Papers are in
the Ailesbury Collection at Wiltshire Record Office.Chippenham.
this bust was then bought
by Joseph Browne, of Shepton Mallet and sold before 1791; it then
passed to James Bindley, was sold 1819, by Sothebys, to Watson
Taylor, and again sold in 1832 to Sir Robert Peel, sold again in
1900 in the Peel Heirlooms sale for 510 Guineas to Thos. Agnew and
Son, acting on behalf of the Earl of Roseberry.
Sothebys 1990, £930,000.
Now at Yale Centre
for the Study of British Art, New Haven Conn. U.S.A.
Bronze attrib. to Roubiliac - 23.75 x 21.25 inches (60.3 x 54 cm)
Barber Institute Terracotta Bust of Alexander Pope
by Louis Francois Roubiliac.
The original Terracotta prototype for the third type of Roubiliac Pope bust,
height 24.5 ins. inc. socle. Barber Institute of
Arts, University of
Birmingham. ex collection Christopher Murray, Sold Sothebys, lot 47,
19 June 1970, Ill. Art at Auction 1969/70. P. 326/7. Ex
Samuel Rogers, St James Place, Ex. Collection,
Mrs Copner, Elton Hall. Huntingdon. Now At Yale, Paul Mellon Centre.
Sold by Christies 29 March 1805, lot 119 for £5 to Samuel Rogers (1763 - 1855), banker and poet laureate, sold by Christie's 28 April 1856.
Wimsatt, 57.1 page 229.
bust is the terracotta prototype on which the later two signed marbles
busts of Pope the Garrick bust and the bust at Yale, Paul Mellon Centre for British Arts and the Poulett bust and the three unsigned marble bustsare
based. The Poulett bust must date from 1740 - 41 if it the same as mentioned in the Gentlemans Magazine as Being in Wiltshire's Assembly Rooms in Bath in February 1741. This would date this terra cotta to 1740 or before.
Rear View of the Barber Institute Tera cotta Pope by Roubiliac
terracotta version, which might
be this one, is
mentioned in the sale catalogue of the contents of Roubiliac's
studio at his late dwelling house in St Martins Lane by Langfords, Lot 76, third day of sale, Friday 5 May 1762 but it is possible that this lot may have been a different and lost terracotta
version of the earlier busts.
to Kerslake ( Early Georgian Portraits, National Gallery, 1977) sold
to surgeon and collector John Belchier 1706 - 85. (who was also portrayed by Roubiliac
circa 1750. The terra cotta bust of Belchier by Roubiliac is at the Royal College of Surgeons),
from Christies Archives.
Belchier bequeathed the bust of Newton by Roubiliac to the Royal Society.
5. The David Garrick Marble Bust of Alexander Pope by Roubiliac.
Gateshead. Tyne and Wear.
and dated on the back. on the left L.F.ROUBILIAC SC. AD VIVUM MDCCXLI and on the right A.POPE AETis LIII.
in the collection of David Garrick, sold in his sale of 1823
by W. Seguier 1827,
thence to Earl of Durham;
Bought by G.L.Collins
at the Lambton Castle Sale in 1932,
bust appears to be the first version of the third Type of Roubiliac bust of Pope, and perhaps predates the terra cotta at the Barber Institute, Birmingham University (see next entry). The pronounced curl on top of his head is missing from other marble versions. Wimsatt notes two other versions in plaster, one with bookdealer Kulgin Duval in Falkland Fife Scotland in 1964, the other at Felbrigg Hall Norwich, Norfolk.
noted in a Garrick inventory in 1777.
This is the first mention of an identifiable Marble bust of Pope by
Roubiliac recorded in the eighteenth Century.
This bust appears to have been recently repolished.
Wimsatt, 60.1 page 241. and 60.2
Plaster bust of Alexander Pope at Felbrigg Hall, Norwich
Wimsatt states that it is slightly different size to the marble -
this is probably due to mismeasurement as the detail appears to
replicate exactly that of the Garrick Marble.
Lead version of the Garrick bust - appears to have been taken from the same mould as the plaster at Felbrigg,
Sold Christie's Dec. 1987, now at Marble Hill House.