Friday, 18 May 2018

Bust of Henry Chichele, Archbishop of Canterbury by Roubiliac Codrington Library, All Souls, Oxford.



The Sculpture in the Codrington Library.
All Souls College, Oxford.

Part 32. All Souls Chapel

Henry Chichele (1364 - 1443).
Archbishop of Canterbury (1414 - 43).

The Life Size Marble Bust. 
Louis Francois Roubiliac (1702 - 62).
signed
L.F. Roubiliac Fecit 1751.

and it's derivation.
 The bust was originally  placed over the main door in the library.
 It was moved to the Hall in 1817.

For a brief biography of Chichele see - http://www.misericords.co.uk/encyc/henry_chichele.html

see also - http://www.chichelesociety.co.uk/chichele.html

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The Monument to Henry Chichele in Canterbury Cathedral.
Designed by Thomas Mapilton - the lower level was in place by 1425.
Tomb was completed by 1426 when a sanctuary seeker fastened himself to it.

Much restored in 1663-4 after damage during Commonwealth and again in
1897-9.
The tomb is cared for and kept up by an endowment from All Souls, Oxford.


This form of monument double decker tomb is known as a transi (or memento mori tomb, Latin for "reminder of death") is has a gisant (recumbent effigy tomb) featuring an effigy in the form of a decomposing corpse. It was probably the first of its type put up in England.









The Monuments to Henry Chichele and William Warham in the Choir at Canterbury Cathedral.

Engraving of drawings by George Cattermole; illustration to John Britton's 'The History and Antiquities of the Metropolitan Church of Canterbury' (London: Longman & Co, 1821).

230 x 284 mm.

See the various painted portraits below which appear to be loosely based on the effigy of the Archbishop in Canterbury Cathedral.

Image from the British Museum.

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The Monument of Henry Chichele Archbishop of Canterbury, after E. Taylor, (1703) - NPG D24014 - © National Portrait Gallery, London


The Monument to Henry Chichely
Archbishop of Canterbury
After E. Taylor
Engraving
378 x 284 mm (paper size).
1703.

Image from the National Portrait Gallery.


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Related image


Erected in 1426 Chichele, who died in 1443, therefore had plenty of time to contemplate his own mortality and to read the inscriptions on the stone slabs beneath both gisants (the recumbent effigies): 'I was a pauper born, then to primate here raised, now I am cut down and served up for worms ... Whoever who may be who will pass by, I ask for your remembrance.'



Image result for archbishop chichele in canterbury cathedral




2  Chichele cadaver



canterbury



Image result for archbishop chichele transi




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This print was made in 1772 and its frame was added slightly later. The print combines two techniques - etching and engraving. Both involved creating a pattern of grooves to hold ink in a metal printing plate. The etched lines were made using acid, while the engraved lines were scored by means of a sharp tool called a burin. The grooves were then filled with ink and the image was transferred onto a blank sheet of paper.


In 1438 Henry Chichele, Archbishop of Canterbury co-founded All Souls College at Oxford. Francesco Bartolozzi based this depiction of Chichele on an 18th-century drawing? which in ecorded a stained glass window at the College.




This print and its pair (museum no. W.98:1-2-1978) are thought to have originally belonged to the writer and collector Horace Walpole (1717-97) and to have hung in his Gothic-revival house at Strawberry Hill, near Twickenham in Middlesex. The style of the frame, with an inner Gothic arch and stylised flowers in the upper corners, would have fitted in well with the house's decoration. Both were sold in 1842, when the house contents were auctioned.

 After this the prints were for some time at Brookhill Hall in Nottinghamshire, before being spotted by a curator in an antique shop near the V&A, when they were bought by the Museum.




Victoria and Albert Museum.

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Henry Chichele
Archbishop of Canterbury

Stained and painted glass panel in the East Window, AnteChapel, All Souls College Oxford.

15th Century.


Of the ancient stained glass only the four eastern windows of antechapel survive, but we possess a full description of all the glass (except the great west window and one of the other west windows, which had already perished), made by Richard Symonds in 1644.

see -


Collectanea, iv (O.H.S.), 131–3; F. E. Hutchinson, Medieval Glass at All Souls College (1949).


Photographs above taken by the author.




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Henry Chichele (c.1364–1443)


Henry Chichele
Archbishop of Canterbury.
In front of the Gate to All Souls College.
James Thornhill (1675 - 34).
Oil on Canvas
238 x 157 cms.

Gift from Sir Nathaniel Lloyd (d.1745).

All Souls College, Oxford.






Henry Chichele
Archbishop of Canterbury
Mezzotint
258 x 200 mm.
c. 1750.

The Hon Rev. John Tracy 7th Viscount Tracy (1722 - 93) was warden at All Souls College (1755 - 93).

The painting from which this engraving derives appears to have disappeared although it is related to the three images at the bottom of the page

British Museum.

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Portrait of Henry Chichele, bust-length, in an oval, slightly turned to the right, dressed in a fur-trimmed chasuble with a mitre on his head, his arms below  Engraving


Henry Chichele
Archbishop of Canterbury.
Michael Burghers (1647 - 1727).
Dutch engraver who lived in Oxford. He was responsible for engraving the Oxford Almanack from 1676.

Engraving
295 x 186 mm

C. 1700.

British Museum.

__________________________________ Portrait of Henry Chichele, bust-length, in an oval, slightly turned to the right, dressed in a fur-trimmed chasuble with a mitre on his head, his arms below on a pedestal, illustration to "The Life of Archbishop Chichele"  Engraving


Illustration to The Life of Archbishop Chichele
Michael Burghers (1647 - 1727).
1692 - 1727?
engraving 
157 x 92 mm

British Museum.
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Henry Chichele
Life size Stone Statue
Formerly paired with a statue of Henry VI in niches above the entrance gateway to All Souls College, High Street, Oxford. visible in the Thornhill Portrait above.

All Souls College Chapel, Oxford

Photograph taken by the author.


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Henry Chichele
Archbishop of Canterbury
by Louis Francois Roubiliac.
1751.

Cost £52 10s.

The terracotta for this bust described as Archbishop Chicheley was sold at the Roubiliac Studio sale in St Martins Lane, Lot 86, 2nd day, Thursday May 13th, 1762. 
Disappeared - hopefully it will turn up one day.














































































All photographs above taken by the Author.



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Portrait of Henry Chichele, half-length, slightly turned to the right, blessing with one hand and with a cross in the other, dressed in a chasuble with a mitre on his head, his arms above, illustration to the 'Gentleman's Magazine" (1783)  Engraving


Henry Chichele
Archbishop of Canterbury
Engraving from the Gentleman's Magazine April 1773.

Inscribed - From an Original on Board in the possession of J. Nichols.


Image from British Museum

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Henry Chichele (c.1364–1443), Archbishop of Canterbury


Henry Chichele.
Anon
Perhaps a later copy of the painting on panel below.
Oil on canvas.

New College Oxford.

Image courtesy Art UK.




Henry Chichele (c.1364–1443), Archbishop of Canterbury

Henry Chichele
Anon.
49 x 39 cms
Oil on Board

Lambeth Palace.

Image courtesey Art U.K.


Henry Chichele (c.1364–1443)


Henry Chichele
Archbishop of Canterbury.
anon
Oil on Canvas
118.1 x 89 cms.
1609.

All Souls College, Oxford
Image from Art U.K.

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Henry Chichele (c.1364–1443)



Henry Chichele
Archbishop of Canterbury

Copy after Samson Strong
Oil on canvas
119.4 x 91.5.

Given by Mrs Catherine Griffith. 1799.

All Souls College, Oxford.
Image from Art U.K.



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Henry Chichele
Unidentified engraving
16.05 x 10.6 cms
Probably late 18th early 19th century

Image from the Print Room of the Scottish National Portrait Gallery.


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Portrait of Henry Chichele from a stained glass window, half-length, slightly turned to the right, dressed in a chasuble with a mitre on his head, a Latin inscription about the portrait, illustration to Brayley and Herbert's "Lambeth Illustrated" (1806)  Stipple and etching




Portrait of Henry Chichele 
Archbishop of Canterbury.
1414

Lettered below image "Engraved by R. Roffe from the Painted Glass, in the Library of Lambeth Palace"

Published for W. Herbert, Globe Place & E. W. Brayley, Wilderness Row; May 1. 1805."

from a painted glass window, half-length, slightly turned to the right, dressed in a chasuble with a mitre on his head, a Latin inscription about the portrait, 

Illustration to Brayley and Herbert's "Lambeth Illustrated" 
1806 
Stipple and etching.
268 x 192 mm.

© The Trustees of the British Museum.




Statue of Henry Chichele attrib. to John Massyngham, All Souls College, Oxford




The Sculpture in the Codrington Library
All Souls College, Oxford.

Part 31.

The Sculpture in the Chapel,
at All Souls College, Oxford.

The Life Size Stone Statue of Henry Chichele (1364 - 1433).
Archbishop of Canterbury.
Co founder of All Souls with King Henry VI.

Attributed by Howard Colvin to John Massyingham.

The 'Great Stone statues' which were over the high alter in the Chapel at All Souls were specifically stated to have been the work of Massyngham. This array of Saints in the niches of the East wall of the chapel were destroyed in the reformation.

The All Souls statues are cut from stone from a quarry either at Burford or Taynton, Oxfordshire.

For further references to the statue of Henry VI, the architecture and sculptural programs  at St John College, Oxford see my previous posts.


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For some later portraits of Chichele see my post on the Roubiliac bust at the Codrington Library - http://english18thcenturyportraitsculpture.blogspot.co.uk/2017/06/sculpture-at-all-souls-college-oxford.html



Birds eye view of All Souls College, Oxford, looking North
Prior to the construction of the Codrington Library began in 1716.
from Oxonia Illustrata.
David Loggan.
engraving.
1675.

Image from Victoria and Albert Museum.


Clearly showing the statues of Archbishop Henry Chichele (on the right) and King Henry VI in the niches above the main gate.

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Archbishop Henry Chichele.

Sir James Thornhill (1675 - 1734).
Oil on Canvas
238 x 157 cms.
All Souls College, Oxford.


This portrait shows the gateway of St John College with the statues of Chichele and Henry VI in the niches above.


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All photographs above taken by the author under difficult circumstances.


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Henry Chichele (c.1364–1443), Archbishop of Canterbury



Archbishop Henry Chichele.
oil on canvas.
127 x 107 cms.

New College Oxford
Image from Art UK.


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Henry Chichele (c.1364–1443), Archbishop of Canterbury

Archbishop Henry Chichele
Portrait by anonymous artist
Lambeth Palace.

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Archbishop Henry Chichele
Life size Marble Bust
Louis Francois Roubiliac

at the Codrington Library, 
All Souls College, Oxford.
Photograph taken by the author.

see my next post

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The Monument of Henry Chichele Archbishop of Canterbury, after E. Taylor, (1703) - NPG D24014 - © National Portrait Gallery, London


Engraving
1703.

National Portrait Gallery










Details of the Monument to Archbishop Chichele put up in Canterbury Cathedral

see - https://aclerkofoxford.blogspot.co.uk/2012/09/a-colourful-canterbury-tomb.html


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Henry Chichele
Archbishop of CanterburyArchbishop
This engraving is based on a stained glass window at All Souls,
Drawn by John Taylor in 1771.

Engraving
Francesco Bartalozzi, 1772.

487 x 276 mm

Victoria and Albert Museum.

This print was made in 1772 and its frame was added slightly later. The print combines two techniques - etching and engraving. Both involved creating a pattern of grooves to hold ink in a metal printing plate. The etched lines were made using acid, while the engraved lines were scored by means of a sharp tool called a burin. The grooves were then filled with ink and the image was transferred onto a blank sheet of paper.

Subjects Depicted
In 1438 Henry Chichele, Archbishop of Canterbury co-founded All Souls College at Oxford. Francesco Bartolozzi based this depiction of Chichele on an 18th-century drawing, which in turn recorded a stained glass window at the College.

Ownership & Use

This print and its pair (museum no. W.98:1-2-1978) are thought to have originally belonged to the writer and collector Horace Walpole (1717-97) and to have hung in his Gothic-revival house at Strawberry Hill, near Twickenham in Middlesex. The style of the frame, with an inner Gothic arch and stylised flowers in the upper corners, would have fitted in well with the house's decoration. Both were sold in 1842, when the house contents were auctioned. After this the prints were for some time at Brookhill Hall in Nottinghamshire, before being spotted by a curator in an antique shop near the V&A, when they were bought by the Museum.

Info above lifted from the V&A website, see -

https://collections.vam.ac.uk/item/O58184/print/#





Henry Chichele
Archbishop of Canter bury

Stained and painted glass panel.

Anti Chapel
All Souls College, Oxford.

Photographs by the author

Unfortunately the photographs are in a rather low resolution - at the time I had no idea of what I was photographing - usually if I have time I will try to take photographs of the stained glass for my records when I visit any church or chapel.








For the surviving stained glass at All Souls, College Chapel, Oxford.

see - Collectanea, iv (O.H.S.), 131–3; F. E. Hutchinson, Medieval Glass at All Souls College (1949).


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Henry Chichele, by Robert Cabell Roffe, after  Unknown artist, published 1805 - NPG D9073 - © National Portrait Gallery, London


Henry Chichele
Archbishop of Canterbury
Robert Cabell Roffe
Engraving
250 x 181mm
1805

National Portrait Gallery


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Henry Chichele, after Unknown artist, probably 18th century - NPG D24015 - © National Portrait Gallery, London


Henry Chichele
Archbishop of Canterbury
anonymous

Probably 18th Century

National Portrait Gallery


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