Tuesday, 6 October 2020

Monument to Henry Hoare (d.1724) Stourton, Wiltshire.



This post under construction.

The Monument to Henry Hoare (d. 12 March 1724).
Church of St Peter. 
Stourton, Wiltshire.


The bust and monument are unattributed but I would suggest possibly Rysbrack.
The bust is of very high quality.



































All photographs by the author

Not an easy monument to photograph, particularly it was difficult to obtain good photographs of the bust.


Parts of the church of St. Peter date from the early 1300s, but it has been restored and altered throughout the centuries. The earliest documentary evidence for a church on this site is in 1291 when Ralph de Sturton held the right of presentation of the living. The arcading in the north of the nave dates from this time, and it is possible that the tower was built then.

Sir John Stourton was created Lord Stourton in 1448. The Stourtons were all patrons of the church and were buried in a family vault which is in the present north aisle. In 1553 the churchwardens presented that the nave of the church was in decay. It is not known what building work was carried out to correct this.

The Hoare family bought the estate in 1717 and by 1720 Henry Hoare had applied for a faculty to improve the church. The work was carried out during 1722-3. The screen and rood loft were removed, a new altar erected and an altar piece built to cover the whole east wall. The pulpit was moved from the north aisle to its present position. Lastly, the chancel was newly paved and a family vault was built.

The next alterations took place in 1848 when the south aisle was added to provide more seating. The Hoare family pew was also created at this time.

Further restoration took place in 1878. A new east window with stained glass was built. Three large Hoare family monuments were moved from the chancel to the south aisle. A new oak roof, tiled, was built over the chancel. The gallery at the west end was removed and the tower arch was opened out and restored. An oak screen was built between the tower and the nave. An organ chamber and vestry room were added on to the south side of the chancel. The floor was re-tiled, new nave furnishings provided, an oak lectern and a new stone font with an oak cover. The entire cost of the work was £1,000. In 1880 the project was completed when the whole church was decorated.

Alterations continued into the 20th century when improvements to the chancel and sanctuary were undertaken by Sir Henry and Lady Hoare to commemorate their Golden Wedding in 1937. The work included removing the wooden reredos and altar; the provision of a new altar comprising a single stone slab on wooden legs, so that it could be removed at any time; a figure of Christ to replace the reredos and east window; a new altar cross, candlesticks and altar rail.

More recently, the old box pews were removed from the north aisle and in 1974 the east end of the north aisle was made into a baptistry. The present font replaced the Victorian font and is late Norman. It came from the now redundant church at Monkton Deverill. 

www.flickr.com/gp/52219527@N00/3nq5D3 at Walton on Thames which cost £1000 (the contract specified a monument 7 foot wide and double that in height). The £500 did not include the cost of railing and repairs to the church incurred.



Francis Nicholson (1753 - 1844).
watercolour 
British Museum



The album from which this sheet was extracted is described in the posthumous catalogue of Sir Richard Colt Hoare's library as: 'Rural Scenery of Stourhead, consisting of 33 Magnificent Drawings, by P. Nicholson. Atlas size, bound in whole russia. A most Splendid Volume.' ('Catalogue of the Hoare library at Stourhead, co. Wilts. to which are added an account of the museum of British antiquities, a catalogue of the paintings and drawings, and a description of the mansion', London, 1840, p. 412).




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Thursday, 17 September 2020

Queluz, and the Statues of John Cheere


Under construction.

The Palace at Queluz, near Lisbon, Portugal,
and the Lead Statues created by John Cheere (1709 - 87).
The Statues supplied in 1755 and 1757.

Introduction.

My intention is to put together a series of posts on each statue or group supplied by John Cheere for King Pedro III to the Royal Palace at Queluz, Portugal and to attempt give as much background information that is currently available on the life and works of John Cheere - the format will inevitably change and have to be readjusted as I proceed. 

I visited Queluz in April of 2018 and took many photographs but because of other projects, not least moving house and organising the restoration of our new property, I have had to wait until now to put these pieces together. 

I will use my own photographs as much as possible to illustrate the statues still in the garden but will attempt to find illustrations of the types of those that have gone missing over the centuries.





Samson slaying the Philistine.
Sometimes refered to as Cain and Abel

For the World Monuments Fund Queluz website see -

https://wmf.org.uk/Projects/the-john-cheere-sculptures-at-queluz-national-palace-portugal/

For an excellent introduction to the history and works at Queluz see the WMF book The Gardens of the National Palace of Queluz Conservation Intervention published in 2012 and available in PDF format -




https://www.wmf.org/sites/default/files/article/pdfs/Queluz%20Garden%20ENG%20%281%29.pdf


For a brief overview from Google Arts and Culture see -

https://artsandculture.google.com/partner/national-palace-of-queluz?hl=en-GB


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Two invaluable general works on the subject of Lead Statuary are English Leadwork, ..... by Lawrence Weaver, pub. 1909 and available on line at -

https://archive.org/stream/englishleadworki00weav#page/n9/mode/2up

and Antique Garden Ornament by John Davies, pub Antique Collectors Club, 1999.

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Rupert Harris Conservation Ltd were the main contractors to the World Monuments Fund for the exemplary restoration and conservation of the lead statues at Queluz.

https://rupertharris.com/

https://rupertharris.com/collections/featured/products/the-palace-of-queluz-aeneas-and-anchises



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https://www.wmf.org/project/queluz-palace-garden

https://wmf.org.uk/Projects/technical-case-study/

https://wmf.org.uk/Projects/the-john-cheere-sculptures-at-queluz-national-palace-portugal/


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For Lead Sculpture at Wrest Park, Bedfordshire.

http://leadrestoration.co.uk/h-a-r-l-e-q-u-i-n-a-n-d-c-o-l-u-m-b-i-n-e

https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Aeneas_and_Anchises_by_John_Cheere,_1700s_-_Wrest_Park_-_Bedfordshire,_England_-_DSC08325.jpg

http://www.english-heritage.org.uk/visit/places/wrest-park/history/collection

https://historicengland.org.uk/listing/the-list/list-entry/1113789


https://artsandculture.google.com/asset/statue-of-the-young-adonis-at-wrest-park/IAGV4fdMEWYITw





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For the Giambologna marble version of Samson slaying the Philistine (Cain and Abel) at Buckingham House at the time, from which the Cheere lead version derives, and which is now in the V and A, see -

http://www.vam.ac.uk/content/articles/s/giambolognas-samson-and-a-philistine/








Monday, 31 August 2020

Richard Boyle Viscount Shannon Monument, Roubiliac.


Under construction.

The Monument to Richard Boyle, Viscount Shannon.  
Louis Francois Roubiliac.
North Aisle,
St Mary's Church.
Walton on Thames,
Surrey.



TO THE MEMORY/ OF RICHARD BOYLE LORD VISCOUNT SHANNON/ VOLUNTEER, WHEN A YOUTH/ AT THE GLORIOUS BATTLE OF THE BOYNE/ BY HIS PERSONAL BRAVERY/ DISTINGUISHED AT THE BATTLE OF LANDEN:/ IN THE FIRST YEARS OF QUEEN ANNE, COLONEL OF PRINCE GEO: OF DENMARK'S REGIMT OF MARINES/ AND AT THE MEMORABLE ATTACK OF VIGO IN 1702, BEING APPOINTED TO COMMAND ON SHORE/ HE RENDER'D HIMSELF CONSPICUOUS/ BY REPULSING A SUPERIOR BODY OF THE ENEMY'S TROOPS,/ AND FORCING THEIR OUT-WORKS AT THE HEAD OF THE GRENADIERS/ BY EMULATION EXCITED BY A SOLDIER/ BY EXPERIENCE MATURED INTO A COMMANDER;/ HIS BIRTH ADDING LUSTRE TO HIS PRETENSIONS;/ HIS PRETENSIONS AUTHORIZ'D HIS MERIT;/ PROMOTED SWIFTLY, NOT UNDESERVEDLY/ TO THE COMMAND OF VARIOUS CORPS/ OF FOOT, HORSE AND HORSE GUARDS/ AND TO THE SUCCESSIVE RANKS OF GENERAL OFFICER/ DURING A LONG AND CONTINUED PEACE/ HE ATTAIN'D/ BY ROYAL REGARD AND JUST FAVOUR,/ WHAT HE WAS AMBITIOUS TO ACHIEVE BY SERVICE:/ (RIGHT SIDE): AND HAVING DISCHARG'D A VARIETY OF COMMANDS AS A SOLDIER/ HIS DUTY AS A BRITISH SENATOR,/ AND AS ONE OF THE LORDS JUSTICES OF IRELAND/ WITH EQUAL ZEAL FOR THE HONOUR OF THE CROWN/ AND FOR THE WELFARE OF HIS COUNTRY/ DY'D UNIVERSALLY BELOV'D AND ESTEEMED/ CAPTAIN AND COMMANDER IN CHIEF,/ OF HIS MAJESTY'S HORSE AND GRENADIER GUARDS/ GENERALISSIMO OF HIS MAJESTY'S FORCES IN IRELAND/ AND FIELD MARSHAL OF ALL HIS MAJESTY'S FORCES/ OBIIT DECEMBER 1740. ETAT 65 (LOWER LEFT): THIS MONUMENT/ WAS ERECTED BY HIS ONLY DAUGHTER/ GRACE COUNTESS OF MIDDLESEX/ (JUSTLY SENSIBLE OF THE INEXPRESSIBLE LOSS/ OF HER RESPECTABLE PARENTS)/ IN OBEDIENCE TO THE WILL OF HER MOTHER/ GRACE, DAUGHTER & CO-HEIRESS/ OF JOHN SENHOUSE OF NETHERHALL/ IN THE COUNTY OF CUMBERLAND ESQ./ WHOSE ASHES TOGETHER WITH THOSE OF HER BELOV'D LORD/ ARE HERE DEPOSITED.






Grace Viscountess Shannon, widow of Richard Boyle, 2nd Viscount Shannon 1740, who died 10th May 1755 sits on the monument to husband Richard Boyle 2nd Viscount Shannon 1740




Grace born in 1695 was the co-heiress daughter of John Senhouse of Nether Hall Cumberland.

She left in her will "the sum of £1000, part of my personal estate to be laid out and expended by my executrix in setting up and erecting a monument in the parish church of Walton upon Thames in memory of my late dear husband and me in such a manner as she my executrix shall think proper"

Her executrix was her only child Grace (1723-1763) who married in 1744 Charles Sackville (d.1769) Earl of Middlesex who 2 years after her death became 2nd Duke of Dorset with £30,000.

Roubiliac used the same effigy holding an urn (with different face) for his 1760 monument commissioned by Ann Bellamy Lynn d1767 to her husband George Lynn 1758 at Southwick.


































































































All photographs above by the author.
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Monument to George Lynn
Church of St Mary The Virgin
Southwick, Northamptonshire.
Roubiliac





Photograph above courtesey Flickr




"Sacred to the memory of George Lynn esqr who departed this life on the 6th day of May 1758 aged 51 years

Well vers'd in the laws of his country, he might have been distinquish'd in the profession, but early quitting these severer studies for the calm pleasure of a rural life, he greatly improved by a most elegant taste this his paternal seat of Southwick. Nor was he a stranger to the politest arts being well skill'd in music and philosophy, his mind always equal tender and benevolent render'd him a most affectionate husband, a sincere friend and delightful companion.

This marble rais'd - see where the mourning fair amidst her griefs breathes forth this fervent pray'r., when next we meet may out past bliss improve by holy raptures of mysterious love"



1760 Monument placed by Ann Bellamy Lynn d1767, by  Roubiliac who charged £500 - a lesser amount than usual as Ann's effigy is a copy, except for the face, of Grace Viscountess Shannon 

Saturday, 29 August 2020

The Spencer Cowper Monument by Roubiliac, Hertingfordbury, Herts.



The Spencer Cowper Monument
Louis Francois Roubiliac.
St Mary's Church
Hertingfordbury, Herts.



 Spencer Cowper (1669-1728), of Hertingfordbury Park, Herts.; Lincoln’s Inn; and Bridge House, St. Olave’s, Southwark.


Spencer Cowper d.1727, Judge of the Pleas, the memorial is in a window embrasure on north wall of the church, a black marble cartouche with inscription, above a scrolled and pedimented surround in black marble, with a relief of Cowper in judge's robes, seated between the figures of Wisdom and Justice, carved 1752 by Roubiliac.


For an excellent short biography of Spencer Cowper see -

https://www.historyofparliamentonline.org/volume/1690-1715/member/cowper-spencer-1669-1728


All photographs taken by the author.































































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Duncan Forbes
Louis Francois Roubiliac
put up in 1752
Parliament House Edinburgh

Included here because of the similarity of the pose

Photographs Courtesey Courtauld

see - https://www.clan-forbes.org/duncan-forbes



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Photograph courtesy Kim Traynor