Sunday 29 April 2018

Charles Talbot of Hensol bust John Cheere Codrington Library

The Codrington Library Plaster Busts by John Cheere

All Souls College, Oxford University.

Part 10. Charles Talbot, Ist. Baron Talbot of Hensol, (Glamorgan), (1685 - 1737).

Lord Chancellor of Great Britain (1733 - 37).

He was christened at Chippenham , 21 Dec. 1685 , eldest son of William Talbot (afterwards bishop of Durham ) and his wife Catharine , daughter of Richard King , alderman of the City of London . He was educated at Eton and Oriel College , Oxford ( B.A. 1704 , Fellow of All Souls 1704 , D.C.L. 1735 ; he was also awarded, in 1714 , the Lambeth LL.B. ). 

He intended to take holy orders but on the advice of lord Cooper chose the career of the law, becoming a barrister ( Inner Temple ) on 28 June 1707 . He was appointed Solicitor-General to the Prince of Wales , 31 May 1717 . 

He was Member of Parliament for Tregony , Cornwall , 1719-20 , and for Durham , 1722-34 . 

He became Solicitor-General , 23 April 1726 and, on 29 Nov. 1733 , was made lord chancellor .

As will be seen his career (which is sketched fairly fully in D.N.B. ) had been hitherto associated mainly with England . It was when he married a Welsh heiress that his connection with Wales began. This was in the summer of 1708 , his wife being Cecil , daughter of Charles Mathew , Castell Menich , Glamorgan , granddaughter and heiress of judge David Jenkins of Hensol (q.v.) . Talbot built at Hensol a Tudor-style castle to which his son added afterwards. He was raised to the peerage on 5 Dec. 1733 . He d. 14 Feb. 1736/7 .

This biog from -

Charles Talbot
After John Vanderbank
Oil on canvas.
1407 x 1245 mm.
National Portrait Gallery

© National Portrait Gallery, London

They say -

NPG 42 is an indifferent copy of Vanderbank's portrait of the sitter as chancellor, which must have been completed by 1734 when engraved. At Lincoln's Inn there is an oil sketch(?) of the head and shoulders, within an oval, inscribed on the back: Painting for sending to Holland to be engraved by Houbraken. A whole length is in the collection of Lord Dynevor. It was presumably painted for the sitter whose eldest son, William Earl Talbot, was created, 1780, Baron Dinevor. [1] Another is (1970) in the collection of the Earl of Roden, RN. A three-quarter length was lent to the NPE 1867 (253) by Miss Talbot, and another was in the Earl of Shrewsbury's collection, Ingestre (1955), the latter probably by descent from the sitter's younger son John, whose second marriage to the heiress of John Viscount Chetwynd brought the Ingestre estate into the family. [2] Another good example was at Christie's, 30 April 1954, lot 47, as 'Portrait of a Chancellor'; others, probably copies, are at All Souls College, Oxford (there by c.1804 [3]), and at the Inner Temple.

Condition:restored, cleaned three times and varnished twice between 1858 and 1902.

Collections:given 1858 by the Hon. Mrs John Chetwynd Talbot [4] as by Richardson; previous history unknown.

Engraved:first engraved, in reverse, by Houbraken, lettered . . . J. Houbraken sculps. Amst. 1739 / In the Possession of the Right Hon: William Lord Talbot . . . and published by J. and P. Knapton for Birch's Heads the following year.

Literature:M.I. Webb, 'Henry Cheere, Sculptor and Businessman and John Cheere—I', Burlington Magazine, C, 1958.

Vanderbank's is the only ad vivum likeness and is therefore probably the source of the bust in the Codrington library at All Souls, one of the twenty-four commissioned from John Cheere c.1749known to have been taken from portraits.


Charles Talbot (1685–1737), 1st Lord Talbot

Charles Talbot as Lord Chancellor
John Vanderbank

oil on canvas 
140 x 100 

Ingestre Hall Residential Arts Centre

Art UK see -


Charles Talbot, 1st Baron Talbot of Hensol, by and published by Gerhard Bockman, after  John Vanderbank, circa 1737 - NPG D40537 - © National Portrait Gallery, London

Charles Talbot as Lord Chancellor
After Vanderbank
360 x 253 mm.

© National Portrait Gallery, London

Charles Talbot, 1st Baron Talbot of Hensol, by Jacobus Houbraken, published by  John & Paul Knapton, after  John Vanderbank, 1739 - NPG D40540 - © National Portrait Gallery, London

Charles Talbot

John and Paul Knapton 
after John Vanderbank
374 x 235 mm plate size.

© National Portrait Gallery, London.

No comments:

Post a Comment