Monday, 14 August 2017

Soane Museum 5 - continued Bust of Inigo Jones.

The Plaster Bust of Inigo Jones.
Soane Museum (continued).



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Marble bust of Inigo Jones
Royal Institute of British Architects








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The Marble bust of Inigo Jones
520 x 345 mm
Half life size approximately.
Tradegar House
Newport Gwent.

















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Bust of Inigo Jones
slightly over life size.
 Portland Stone
Temple of British Worthies, Stowe, Buckinghamshire.

Pre 1729.
Photographed by the Author

The nose has had some restoration.

see my previous blog post -


















Photographs by the author.



Inigo Jones
Temple of British Worthies, Stowe
Undated Photograph showing the damaged nose
by John Piper.
Photograph Pre 1980.



Here shown with the Greenwich marble bust of Inigo Jones by Rysbrack for comparison.
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The Plaster Statuettes of Inigo Jones.
after Michael Rysbrack






Inigo Jones

Plaster Statuette on the Chimneypiece in the Ante Room at Wilton.



From the English Fireplace by L.A.Shuffrey pub. Batsford. 1912.


M Webb in Michael Rysbrack 1954 notes that this statuette was gilded.

Another version of the Cheere Statuette was at Kirkleatham Hall
see below
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In 1727 Rysbrack sold Henry Hoare of Stourhead a bust and Statuettes of Inigo Jones and Palladio now disappeared.

Agreement between Rysbrack and Henry Hoare 10 October 1727 'a bustow of Inigo Jones in Statuary marble' £35 0 0d, a pedestal £2 10s and two figures of Inigo Jones and Palladio in plaster £ 1 10s

In Langford's sale of 1766 for Rysbrack p.4 First day lot 69. Two figures of Palladio and Inigo Jones the original models for the figures of Lord Burlington at Chiswick House.
info from Roman Splendour ..... Jervis and Dodd 2014.


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Plaster Statuette of Inigo Jones by John Cheere.
from Kirkleatham




Inigo Jones 
Plaster Statuette
after Rysbrack
John Cheere
Inscribed Cheere Fct 1749
Approximately 18" tall.

Supplied to Chumley Turner at Kirkleatham Hall.

Rysbrack did not provide plaster casts himself  and probably supplied Cheere with an original terracotta from which this statuette and others such as the Stourhead model were subcontracted to be cast. 

After 1753 he used Peter Vanina of St James Street to cast versions of his productions in plaster. 

This low res image from York Museum Trust


A very poor low resolution photograph of the Kirkleatham Statuette.

For much more on the plaster busts and statuettes supplied to Kirkleatham  see -

 http://bathartandarchitecture.blogspot.co.uk/2014/



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Inigo Jones
Plaster Statuette
approx. 17" tall
Private Collection.




This statuette is a cast of a plaster cast believed to have been taken from the terracotta statuette from the RIBA collection.

This statuette was cast from a plaster cast of the original terracotta by Mark Latrobe of Plasterworks in Cross Street in Islington for the late Ben Weinreb in about 1995. The story told to him was that the RIBA terracotta was damaged in the Blitz of WWII and had been restored and cast by staff at the British Museum although Charles Hind of the RIBA casts doubt on this..


The original at the RIBA and a 4 or 5 of these 1990's plaster casts are to my knowledge the only versions of this statuette extant.

Katherine Esdaile published on the statuette in the RIBA Journal Vol 38 of 7 Feb 1931.

I'm afraid that very little of what Mrs Esdaile wrote can be relied upon. She states the RIBA statuette is of plaster when I am reliably informed by Charles Hind that it is of terracotta. She also states that the figure of Inigo Jones on the Walpole Cabinet is the same as this statuette (see below).






 Photograph from the RIBA Journal Vol 38. 7th Feb. 1931.


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The Walpole Cabinet from Strawberry Hill. c. 1747. 
with Ivory Statuette of Inigo Jones (top right)
by James Francis Verskovis
Victoria and Albert Museum






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A Statuette of Inigo Jones is listed in the 1777 Plaster Sculpture Catalogue of  Charles Harris of the Strand 

Size 1' 10"

They also sold busts of Inigo Jones 'Large as Life' and 24" which could be paired with Palladio.



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18th Century Engravings of portraits of Inigo Jones in Architectural Settings.




Bust of Inigo Jones
Frontispiece to The Chimneypiece Makers Daily Assistant.
John Crunden. 1766


The Temple Builder's Most Useful Companion, being fifty entire new original designs for pleasure and recreation; consisting of plans, elevations and sections in the Greek, Roman and Gothic taste ... [Bound with:] The Chimney-Piece-Maker's Daily Assistant, or, a Treasury of New Designs for Chimney-Pieces ... from the original drawings of Thomas Milton, John Crunden, and Placido Columbani...

Engraving from The Temple Builders Most Useful Companion
Thomas Collins Overton
Pub 1766.

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Inigo Jones
frequently paired with Palladio
Wedgwood bust
22inches appox
c. 1780

From a plaster bust supplied by Grant and Hoskins in 1774
and refinished by William Hackwood (c.1757 - 1839).
see Wedgwood Correspondence (below).



In the Albertina, Vienna



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Letter from Wedgwood to Bentley 24 June 1774




Wedwood to Bentley 16 August 1774



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James Hoskins, Samuel Euclid Oliver and Benjamin Grant.

Hoskins was apprenticed to John Cheere in 1747. He seems to have progressed in his employment at some speed: a note in the London Evening Post of December 1751 concerning the successful treatment of William Collins’s leg ulcer with ‘Iron Pear Tree Water’ described Hoskins, a witness to the recovery, as ‘Foreman to Mr Cheere’ (Friedman and Clifford 1974, appendix C).


 By 1770 Hoskins had set up in business with Samuel Euclid Oliver, and together they supplied works for Mersham Hatch (1, 2) and a good many reliefs, busts and other works for Wedgwood (4, 8-11). Hoskins also held the post of ‘moulder and caster in plaster’ to the Royal Academy from its foundation. In July 1773 he provided two casts of lions for the Academy (3). A group of academicians, including Agostino Carlini, George Moser and Benjamin West went to Slaughters coffee-house to inspect the casts, which they found acceptable.


 By 1775 he had entered into partnership with Benjamin Grant, another of John Cheere’s apprentices. They together supplied Wedgwood with more items (5, 6). An invoice in the Wedgwood archives for a large number of moulds, dated 16 January 1773, came to 11s 6d. Another invoice of March 21, 1774, from Hoskins and Grant, was for ‘plaister casts prepaird to mould’ which included busts of Zeno, Pindar, Faustina, Inigo Jones and Palladio, at what appears to be a standard price of a guinea a bust, and moulds of antique stone. The whole bill came to £29 13s 2d.

Another Hoskins and Grant invoice of January 1775 notes the supply of many more busts, including a Galen and Hippocrates, and British worthies such as Ben Jonson, ‘Sir W Reigle’, Fletcher and Beaumont, Harvey and Newton. This bill came to £23 17s 4d, and was signed ‘for self and partner Benj Grant’.
In 1779 they were paid £26 6s 6d for items including figures of Zingara and Chrispagnia at £2 2s (Meteyard 1866, 1, 324-5). Hoskins was still active in 1790, when he provided small works for Lord Delaval (12).
Literary References: Meteyard 1866, 1, 324-5; Gunnis 1968, 211; Pyke 1973, 70; Friedman and Clifford 1974, appendix H; Clifford 1992, 58
Archival References: RA Council Minutes, 1, ff160-1 June 1773; Wedgwood/Hoskins












Wedgwood Catalog for 1777.


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Inigo Jones

Edward Burch (1730 - 1814).
Intaglio and wax impression. 
Smokey Quartz
23 x 20 mm

Victoria and Albert  Museum






Screenshot of a biscuit ware mould for a Wedgwood Intaglio of Inigo Jones - Wedgwood Museum.

Obviously based on the intaglio by Burch

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Small Wax Relief of Inigo Jones
Perhaps by Samuel Percy
Collection of Peter Hone
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A modern cast of the Brucianni plaster cast of Inigo Jones from the Rysbrack Chatsworth type bust, made by Master Plaster Caster Peter Hone - available from the mid 19th century and still available now.

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A bust of Inigo Jones was provided to the Carpenters Hall, City of London by John Bacon d.1799.
This was probably a cast of the Rysbrack version.

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