Wednesday, 16 August 2017

Soane Museum 6 - Bust of Palladio




Andrea Palladio
Plaster Bust
After Michael Rysbrack
Soane Museum.

Date of Acquisition unknown - early 19th Century
Frequently Paired with a bust of Inigo Jones
see my previous blog entries.

This entry was updated with the inclusion of the West Wycombe plaster bust 24 February 2018.










Where did Rysbrack find the source of his bust of Palladio?

The two engravings above are later than the original Chiswick statue and Chatsworth bust.
suggesting that the artist was familiar with the Rysbrack bust.

 In my experience Rysbrack always used engraved portraits as his starting point in his historicising busts.














Andrea Palladio
after Michael Rysbrack. 
Plaster Bust
Life size
Soane Museum.




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Very poor low resolution of the Chatsworth Marble bust of Palladio.




This image scanned from the English Heritage Review
Article by Richard Hewlings.



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Palladio.


Lead bust paired with a Chatsworth type bust of Inigo Jones

height approx. 50 cms 
Formerly the Collection of Sir Albert Richardson PRA
Later wooden bases designed by Richardson.


Bought for £100 in October 1953 probably from Dove Brothers Ltd, Harvey Street, Islington.




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Palladio
Plaster
after Michael Rysbrack
Life Size.
Missing the fourth button as seen on the Chatsworth and lead versions (above).

This is a very fine bust 

West Wycombe Park.


























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Andrea Palladio
after Rysbrack
Life Size
Plaster Bust.

This bust when photographed was paired with a matching bust of Palladio.

The form of the base between the bust and the socle suggests to me that it is a later cast - perhaps by Shout of Holburn

It lacks the finer detail of the West Wycombe version (above).

Photographs by the Author.

Private Collection August 2017.

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Another version of the Palladio Plaster bust after the Rysbrack model
The Marble is at Chatsworth paired with Inigo Jones (see photographs above).
Perhaps by John Cheere
but with different, longer drapery than the Chatsworth model.

Birmingham Museums.


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Image result for Palladio bust Wedgwood


Andrea Palladio
Wedgwood
57 x 43 x 25 cms
c 1774
Albertina, Vienna.
The original Plaster supplied by Hoskins and Grant.
Wedgwood Invoiced 17 March 1774.
see my previous blog entry on the bust of Inigo Jones by Wedgwood.



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William Kent (1685 - 1748).

William Aikman
c 1724

National Portrait Gallery

The bust of Palladio by Rysbrack seems to have no engraved or painted precedent.

Above is my suggestion - is there a resemblance or is it just me?









William Kent

(described on theNPG website as possibly)
Bartholomew Dandridge
c. 1736.
oil on canvas
889 x 718 mm

National Portrait Gallery.





William Kent
William Aikman
oil on canvas
123 x 99.5 cms
c.1710 -20
Government Art Collection - Downing Street.


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William Kent
Benedetto Luti
c. 1719
Devonshire Collection 

Trustees of the Chatsworth Estate.

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The Wedgwood Bust of Palladio.
Catalogue of 1777.













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Bust of Palladio
Lead
Possibly by John Cheere.
Royal Institute of British Architects


No other cast of this bust has so far been identified. The RIBA Archives contains the letter of 28th November, 1873 (LC/12/1/20) in which R.H. Shout presented this sculpture to the RIBA, describing the bust as of pewter and as having been in his family for more than fifty years. 

This indicates that this bust had previously belonged to his father, the sculptor Charles Lutwyche Shout and his grandfather, Robert Shout of Holburn, a monumental mason and plaster caster.



 Below is a copy of the Shout Catalogue of c. 1815.
very kindly supplied by Jacob Simon of the National Portrait Gallery

see my blog entry - https://bathartandarchitecture.blogspot.co.uk/2017/05/two-mysterious-plaster-busts-probably.html





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Royal Collection



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Frontispiece to Campbell's edition of Palladio's 'First Book of Architecture'; an architectural fa├žade with a portrait of Palladio in the manner of a classical statue, head turned to left, in the top centre of a segmented pedestal supported by corinthian pillars with winged trumpeters on the pedestal, a lettered plaque below the bust and female figures holding dividers, staff, set-square and protractor at either side in the centre, flanking an oval showing an anchor and book in a frame decorated with female torsos carrying a swag between them; the base containing bas-reliefs of a woman with a bull and Father Time holding a balance, with a lettered plaque in the centre.  1728  Etching and engraving





Architectural setting, with Fame sitting on the ground and looking at Minerva, appearing on clouds on the right; beside Minerva, two winged putti carrying a coat of arms and above her, another putto lighting a sculpted bust unveiled by Time; finsihed state of frontispiece to an unidentified edition of  'Architecture de Palladio', revised by Giacomo Leoni and translated by Nicholas du Bois.  1716  Etching and engraving



Engraved Frontispiece from an Edition of 'Architecture de Palladio' Engraved by Bernard Picart after Giacomo Leoni and translated by Nicholas du Bois 1716.
353 x 243 mm
British Museum
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Andrea Palladio
after Sebastiano Ricci
Frontispiece from an Edition of 'Architecture de Palladio' along with the above allegorical engraving.
by Bernard Picart
Engraving
1716
32 x 22.7 cms
British Museum.
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Frontispiece to a collection of prints after drawings of Andrea Palladio, headed by portrait medallion of the architect, head and shoulders to right in an oval, in ornate frame with lion and griffin beside.  1730?  Etching, the lettering engraved
Palladio
George Vertue after William Kent
engraving
from Lord Burlington's Edition of Palladio's Fabbriche Antiche Designate da Andrea Palladio pub 1730.
Vertue states pub. 1737.
228 x 85 mm
British Museum
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Plate 149: portrait of Andrea Palladio; bust, facing front, wearing a doublet<br/>Engraving
Andrea Palladio
172 x 122 mm
1769 - 75.
British Museum
Its relationship with the engraving of the bust below is quite clear.
Portrait of Andrea Palladio in the form of a sculptural bust, facing front; upon a plinth, upon a tomb with fruit swags and a relief depicting the figure of Architecture; within a frame<br/>Etching and engraving
A much later engraving by Ravenet
after David Rossi
depicting an entirely different bust from the Rysbrack Version
c. 1780.
411 x 264 mm
British Museum

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