Sunday, 1 September 2019

Cheselden by Weekes after Roubiliac




William Cheselden (1688 - 1752).

by Henry Weekes (1807 - 77).

after Louis Francois Roubiliac.

1871.

St Thomas's Hospital, London.

Photographed by the author using an i phone.

I have posted on the plaster bust of Cheselden by Roubiliac at the Royal College of Surgeons:


Included here are a few notes on the plaster bust of John Belchier also by Roubiliac and at the Royal College of Surgeons.


































________________













These images above from Roubiliac by Mrs Esdaile pub. 1929.

_______________




  I am very grateful to Bruce Simpson, Curator, Royal College of Surgeons for providing this photograph.

These are the best photographs currently available.

I will contact the Royal College of Surgeos again and attempt to obtain some more up to date examples.
____________________




William Cheselden

Godfrey Kneller (1646 - 1723).

c.1722.

oil on canvas

H 127 x W 102 cms.

presented by G. W. Pimblett, 1988
Hunterian Museum London

Royal College of Surgeons


Painting by Godfrey Kneller, three-quarter-length seated wearing beret, right hand at breast, the figure of Hygeia in an alcove beyond him. 

Royal College of Surgeons (illus. A. Kidson, Earlier British Paintings in the Lady Lever Art Gallery, 1999, p 137; see J. D. Stewart, ‘King William the Deliverer and Shakespeare’s Hopeful Harry of Hereford’, Apollo, CXLII, November 1995, pp 29, 32 n39). Probably the signed and dated version with Henry Graves in 1860 (Sir George Scharf’s Trustees’ Sketch Books, 3:80).


_______________






William Cheselden
Jonathan Richardson
Royal College of Surgeons

_______________________







William Cheselden
Mezzotint
John Faber after Jonathan Richardson.

image courtesy Wellcome Collection.


_________________________








Cheselden 
after Richardson
John Faber 
1753

Lettered below the image with the title, continuing "Surgeon to her late Majesty Queen Caroline Surgeon to St. THomas's Hospital, & to the Royal-College at Chelsea. Fellow of the Royal Society And Member of the Royal Academy of Surgery at Paris.", and "I. Richardson pinxt. / I. Faber fecit 1753. / Price 2s.6d. Sold at the Golden Head near the Church Bloomsbury Square.".

British Museum

© The Trustees of the British Museum


_______________





William Cheselden giving an anatomical demonstration to six spectators in the anatomy-theatre of the Barber-Surgeons' Company, London.

Oil painting, ca. 1730/1740.

Wellcome Library, London.

__________________







William Cheselden
by Jonathan Richardson
circa 1730
140 mm x 118 mm
NPG 4995


Inscribed verso: Wm. Chiselden Esq Surgn with Richardson the elder’s JR monogram stamp; the mount is inscribed in ink in an 18th-century hand, recto and verso: Mr. Chiselden.








William Cheselden
Richardson
Britisah  Museum


____________









All known portraits   biography and References:

1722.

Painting by Godfrey Kneller, three-quarter-length seated wearing beret, right hand at breast, the figure of Hygeia in an alcove beyond him. Royal College of Surgeons (illus. A. Kidson, Earlier British Paintings in the Lady Lever Art Gallery, 1999, p 137; see J. D. Stewart, ‘King William the Deliverer and Shakespeare’s Hopeful Harry of Hereford’, Apollo, CXLII, November 1995, pp 29, 32 n39). Probably the signed and dated version with Henry Graves in 1860 (Sir George Scharf’s Trustees’ Sketch Books, 3:80).

c.1730?

Chalk drawing by Jonathan Richardson, bust with wig, looking left. British Museum (1902-8-22-36; see Master Drawings from the National Portrait Gallery, exhibition catalogue, Tulsa, Miami, Washington DC, Ottawa, NPG, Manchester, Carlisle, Canterbury, 1994, XXXII/3, pp 215, 218; C. Gibson-Wood, Jonathan Richardson, 2000, p 79 illus.). Three times the size of NPG 4995 and probably executed at about the same time.

Painting by Jonathan Richardson, half-length wearing cap, showing remarkable girth. Royal College of Surgeons, presented 1753 (illus. Connoisseur, LXXXI, 1928, p 82; W. LeFanu, Catalogue of Portraits … [at] the Royal College of Surgeons, 1960, no.45). Exhibited Second Special Exhibition of National Portraits ( ... William and Mary to MDCCC), South Kensington, 1867, no.237. Engraved J. Faber II (J. Chaloner Smith, British Mezzotinto Portraits, 79). Other versions are at Westminster Hospital (presented by the sitter), and St Thomas’s Hospital (purchased from Bonham’s in January 1973); a copy is in the Royal Australasian College of Surgeons (illus. A. Bearly, Portraits in the Royal Australasian College of Surgeons, 1993, p 77), and see F. B. Cockett, STH Gazette, Spring, 1979, pp 4-7).

c.1740?

Drawing by Gerard Vandergucht, profile bust. Royal Academy, lent to the Royal College of Surgeons 1953 (W. LeFanu, Catalogue of Portraits … [at] the Royal College of Surgeons, 1960, no.47, pl.42).

c.1745

Terracotta bust by L.-F. Roubiliac, wearing turban, with open shirt. Royal College of Surgeons, presented 1804 (W. LeFanu, Catalogue of Portraits … [at] the Royal College of Surgeons, 1960, no.46, pl.11; illus. M. Baker, Figured in Marble, The Making and Viewing of eighteenth-century Sculpture, 2000, p 106, no.83).


Image and info from National Portrait Gallery website:


_______________


For Art UK website with works relating to Cheselden see -


________________

for Cheselden's Osteographia, Pub 1733. 

in reasonably high resolution see - 





See also The English Virtuoso: Art, Medicine, and Antiquarianism in the Age of Empiricism

By Craig Ashley Hanson page 153.

_______________________

John Belchier

The plaster bust at the Royal College of Surgeons





John Belchier (1706 - 85).

Louis Francois Roubiliac .

Plaster

Royal College of Surgeons.


 I am very grateful to Bruce Simpson, Curator, Royal College of Surgeons for providing this photograph (above).


There is mention of busts of John Belchier and Dr Richard Mead in the Museum at Guys Hospital in an inventory published in 1829 by Thomas Hodgkin.



 John Belchier (1706-1785) who was at Guy's Hospital 1736-68. He discovered at about the time of his Guy's appointment that the vegetable dye madder stained newly forming bone tissue, opening up the study of the growth and development of the skeleton, which was vigorously taken forward by Henri-Louis Duhamel du Monceau and John Hunter. , and was a member of the Court of Assistants at the Company of Surgeons from 1751 to 1785. [Wikipedia]



The Oxford DNB entry is more extensive:  "John Belchier  (bap. 1706, d. 1785), surgeon, the son of James Belchier, innkeeper and bailiff of Kingston, was born at Kingston, Surrey, and was baptized there on 5 March 1706. He entered Eton College as a king's scholar in 1716. On leaving school he was apprenticed to William Cheselden, head surgeon at St Thomas's Hospital, London. By perseverance Belchier became eminent in his profession, and in 1736 he was appointed surgeon to Guy's Hospital. In 1732 he was elected a fellow of the Royal Society.  He was a founding governor of the Foundling Hospital, a charity created by Royal Charter in 1739. Belchier was awarded the Copley Medal by the Royal Society in 1737, and his name appears on the list of the council from 1769 to 1772.


He contributed some papers to the society's Philosophical Transactions. On Belchier's retirement as surgeon of Guy's Hospital he was elected one of its governors, and also a governor of St Thomas's Hospital. He had an exaggerated reverence for the name of Guy, saying ‘that no other man would have sacrificed £150,000 for the benefit of his fellow-creatures’. In the Gentleman's Magazine for 1743 is the following story:
One Stephen Wright, who, as a patient, came to Mr. Belchier, a surgeon, in Sun Court, being alone with him in the room clapt a pistol to his breast, demanding his money. Mr. Belchier offered him two guineas, which he refused; but, accepting of six guineas and a gold watch, as he was putting them in his pocket Mr. Belchier took the opportunity to seize upon him, and, after a struggle, secured him. (GM, 1st ser., 13, 1743, 50)


A stout but active man, Belchier died suddenly in Sun Court, Threadneedle Street, on 6 February 1785 after returning from Batson's Coffee House. His manservant had attempted to raise his master but was told ‘No John—I am dying. Fetch me a pillow; I may as well die here as anywhere else’ (Wilks and Bettany, 127). He was buried in the founder's vault in the chapel attached to Guy's Hospital."




















_____________________________________






John Belchier
Ozias Humphrey RA

Oil on Canvas
126 x 101.5 cms

Wellcome Collection

______________


John Belchier (1706 - 1785).
 by Ozias Humphrey (1742 - 1810).
Oil on Canvas
76 x 64 cms
1785
 Presented by Henry Watson in 1785 to Royal College of Surgeons.

1 comment: