Saturday 18 April 2015

Bust of the Architect Isaac Ware (1704 - 66) 
by Roubiliac at the National Portrait Gallery.

A good enough reason as any to include these busts at this point in this blog is the similarity in dress of the bust of Ware to that of Handel - one is the reverse of the other. Why did Roubiliac do this - was it showing off? - it cannot have been easy - he must have used some sort of pointing system and reversed all the measurements.

This text below was lifted from NPG Website - Originally published in John Kerslake, Early Georgian Portraits, Her Majesty's Stationery Office, 1977 (and now out of print). The information is out of date - it was written before the purchase of a similar bust by the Detroit Institute of Art originally described in an inventory of 1773 of Sir John Ingilby at Ripley Castle, Yorkshire and by descent to the family of Sir Thomas Ingilby, Ripley Castle until 1987. 

Isaac Ware (d.1766)
Architect; of humble origin, sent to Italy to study; on his return closely connected with Lord Burlington's circle; from 1728 Ware held several posts in the office of works, and from 1736 was secretary to the board; built Chesterfield House, 1748-49 (destroyed 1934) and Wrotham Park, Middlesex, 1754, built for the unfortunate Admiral Byng; published The Complete Body of Architecture, 1735, and the translation of Palladio, 1738, dedicated to Burlington; he was a member of the St Martin's Lane Academy. Ware married (1) Elizabeth Richards, by whom he had a son Walter James, and (2) Mary Bolton, by whom there were two daughters. [1]
4982 By Louis François Roubiliac, c.1741
White marble bust, 27 in. (675 mm) high, including grey veined marble socle; head turned to right and tilted slightly, own short hair, pupils not incised, concave cheeks, dimpled chin, square jaw; large cap with tassel, shirt open at the collar, loose coat buttoned at the top.
Incised on the front of the socle in gold capitals: ISAAC WARE.

George Vertue notes, probably after a visit to the sculptor's studio, between 2 June and October 1741: 'Mr. Rubbilac Sculptor of Marble—besides several works in Marble—moddels in Clay. had Modelld from the Life several Busts or portraits extreamly like Mr. Pope. more like than any other Sculptor has done I think Mr. Hogarth very like.—Mr. Isaac Ware Architect Mr Handel—&c and several others. being very exact Imitations of Nature—'. [1] Both terra cotta and marble busts of Pope (q.v.) and Handel (q.v.) survive, but of Hogarth only a terra cotta (q.v.) is known. Vertue does not specify what he saw of Ware, but the wording strongly suggests a sitting. Roubiliac would first have taken a clay or clays ad vivum which was probably fired subsequently. A mould was in Roubiliac's sale, possibly indicating the production of a plaster cast, but no clay or terra cotta is now known. The NPG portrait is the only extant version. On stylistic grounds it is unlikely to have been made late in Roubiliac's career.

The situation is complicated by a reference found in Smith's Life of Nollekens, which could imply a date not earlier than 1755. The author refers to Ware's account of his own humble beginnings as the son of a chimney sweep which 'narrative my father heard the Architect himself relate, while he was sitting to Mr. Roubiliac for his bust'. [3] Later Smith again mentions the work: 'Early in life, I engraved a very indifferent plate of Ware's bust, which was one of Roubiliac's best performances'. [4]

Unfortunately he gives no location for the bust which he engraved, and while the engraving is similar in some respects to NPG 4982, it is not absolutely certain that it is the same bust. There are some small differences. In the engraving the pupils are incised, there are two buttons on the neckband of the shirt, the cap and coat are shaded, and the shirt is left white. This led Mrs Esdaile to conclude that the engraving was of a coloured bust, like that of Colley Cibber (q.v.), now attributed to the Cheere workshop, but which she believed to be by Roubiliac. Noting that it was not until 1755 that Smith's father became Roubiliac's apprentice, Mrs Esdaile also concluded that Vertue's reference of 1741 must apply to some other bust now lost, [5] but both on stylistic grounds and on apparent age—the sitter looks a little younger than in the portrait by Soldi of c.1754 (see Iconography)—there is nothing against a date of c.1741 for NPG 4982.

Smith's reference seems too circumstantial to be dismissed as a mistake. If correct, it must either predicate a full second sitting, or the touching up from the sitter of a marble based on an earlier model. It is a matter of opinion, but NPG 4982 may be thought to contain a smaller element of realism than persists in Roubiliac's marbles of Pope and Handel in relation to their terra cottas. This suggests that it may have been produced without direct reference to the sitter and may not be the bust mentioned by the elder Smith.

Condition: the head, the tip of the nose, and the fold in the coat on the sitter's right shoulder had been broken and skilfully repaired prior to acquisition; the socle is modern.
Collections: bought 1974 with the help of the National Art Collections Fund; from the collection of Major Richard Wellesley, of Buckland House, Berkshire, Christie's, 4 December 1973, lot 159, bought Cyril Humphris, and according to the sale catalogue, previously in the collection of Lady Fitzgerald.

A marble bust of Isaac Ware is mentioned in an 1861 [6] inventory of Buckland House and in 1912 under the heading 'Staircase and Hall'. Major Wellesley's grandmother, Lady Fitzgerald, wife of Sir Maurice Fitzgerald, 20th Knight of Kerry, acquired Buckland House and some furniture from the Throckmortons in 1908; [7]NPG 4982 may thus have descended in the Throckmorton family. An expensive object like a marble bust is not likely to have been commissioned by the sitter. The obvious patron is Chesterfield, or perhaps Byng. However there seems to be no record of NPG 4982 in such ownership, and a connection with the Throckmortons is not apparent.

Engraved: the type was engraved by J.T. Smith (unsigned), published J. Richardson, 1802, 'From a Bust by Roubylliac' and issued in Illustrations for the Rev. Mr. Lyson's Environs of London, 1811 (pl.88).
Exhibited: 'English Taste in the Eighteenth Century', RA, 1955-56 (147).
Literature: H.M. Colvin, 'Roubiliac's Bust of Isaac Ware', Burlington Magazine, XCVII, 1955; J.T. Smith, Nollekens and His Times, ed. W. Whitten, 1920.

The only other portrait is the oil attributed to Soldi in the RIBA. This probably dates from c.1754 as it shows an elevation of Wrotham Park, which is seen in construction in the background. It includes one of the sitter's two daughters or possibly his second wife. [8]

1. Colvin, pp.649-51; Sir John Summerson, unpublished information.
2. Vertue, III, p.105.
3. Smith, II, p.143.
4. Ibid.
5. Esdaile, pp.51, 108.
6. Information kindly supplied by Miss Thompson, archivist at Coughton Court.
7. Information kindly communicated by Major Wellesley, 1 May 1974.
8. Connoisseur, vol.186, 1974, pp.180-81.

Buckland House was designed by Bath Architect John Wood senior, it was substantially  altered by his son John Wood Junior and appears in Vitruvius Britannicus of 1767.

By coincidence the marble bust of Alexander Pope which was owned by Burford antiques dealer Roger Warner (currently April 2015 with London Historic portrait dealer Phillip Mould) was bought at the same sale of the conrents by Christies


Bust of Isaac Ware at The Detroit Institute of Art.

Terracotta bust of Handel at the Foundling Museum shown here to illustrate the use of the same coat but reversed.


Originally described in an inventory of 1773 of Sir John Ingilby at Ripley Castle, Yorkshire and by descent to the family of Sir Thomas Ingilby, Ripley Castle until 1987. Sold by private treaty to the DIA. Eyes Incised.

Engraving of 1806 of a bust of Isaac Ware by Roubiliac. J.T. Smith (unsigned), published J. Richardson, 1802, 'From a Bust by Roubylliac' and issued in Illustrations for the Rev. Mr. Lyson's Environs of London, 1811

Portrait of Isaac Ware by Andrea Soldi c.1754, Oil on canvas, 110 x 93 cm.

Isaac Ware (1704–1766) was a protégé of Lord Burlington and a leading member of the second generation of Palladian architects who combined elements of the rococo in their work. The architect holds his design for Wrotham Park, Middlesex, made for Admiral John Byng. The girl is almost certainly his youngest daughter Mary, who stayed with him until his death. 

Isaac Ware's principal works included Chesterfield House, Mayfair (1748–1749) and Wrotham Park, Hertfordshire (1754), while he is most remembered for his publication 'The Complete Body of Architecture' (1756) and his scholarly translation into English of Andrea Palladio’s 'Four Books of Architecture' (1738).
Andrea Soldi, though originally from Florence, began his career as a portrait painter working for British merchants in Turkey. He arrived in London in 1736 and was an immediate success but an extravagant lifestyle led to the debtors prison in 1744 and his career never really recovered.

Collection: The Royal Institute of British Architects’.

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