This post under construction.
Lead bust described as Joseph Addison (1672 - 1719) and attributed to Henry Cheere.
Sotheby's Lot 213 - 8 June 2021.
The catalogue entry -
SIR HENRY CHEERE (LONDON 1703-1781 LONDON), CIRCA 1740.
lead bust; on a later ebonised wood square socle
22 7/8 in. (58.1 cm.) high; 27 ¾ in. (70.5 cm.) high, overall
Sotheby's "essay" in its catalogue states - here in its entirity -
" The identity of the sitter and the authorship of this bust are both confirmed by the existence of a bronzed plaster on a smaller scale in the York Castle Museum, Kirkleatham (Friedman and Clifford, loc. cit.). Joseph Addison (1672-1719) was one of the great figures of 18th century London, an essayist and librettist, who contributed to The Tatler.
He is best remembered as the founder and co-author (with Richard Steele) of The Spectator".
This is obvious nonsense it is obviously not Addison - easily checked using Google
I fail to see how this is confirmed - see the York Museum photographs from Art UK website see below.
This bust bears only a slight resemblance to known busts of Addison by John Cheere but I have very definite doubts that it is either Joseph Addison or a sculpture by Henry Cheere himself.
It is much closer to a group of marble busts which have been attributed to Henry Cheere but were most likely sub contracted to a very capable but so far unidentified sculptor, perhaps Louis Francois Roubiliac - these busts are - an anonymous marble bust in the Louvre, bust of George Pitt in the V and A and the bust of Orlando Humfreys on his monument in St Margaret of Antioch parish church Barking.
The neck tie is telling and suggests to me that these busts were all perhaps made by the same author.
See my blog posts - https://bathartandarchitecture.blogspot.com/2014/01/a-very-good-and-extremely-rare-mid-18th.html
Lead busts of the mid 18th century are few and far between but this busts has obvious similarities with the few other lead busts of the period such as the bust perhaps of Farinelli probably by Roubiliac, formerly suggested by me as possibly Senesino (Francesco Bernardi) (October 31, 1686–November 27, 1758) before the appearance of the terracotta bust of Senesino now in the Metropolitan Museum, New York.
A bust of Senesino was completed by Roubiliac by 1736. I understand that there is a pocketbook belonging to Elizabetta Avanzatti (an Italian historian and distant relative of Senesino and who resides in the Palazzo Bernard Avanzatti in Sienna) which was kept by Senesino and which mentions his sitting for Roubiliac in 1735.
For Senesino see The Unpublished Senesino by Elisabetta Avanzatti in Catalogue Handel and the Castrati -2006. Handel House, London
It seems that Senesino owned a marble bust of himself and requested in his will that it be used as his funeral monument at Sienna. It has since disappeared, presumed destroyed in the Napoleonic Wars.
There is a short poem by Lockman on Roubiliac and his bust of Senesino in the London Daily Post and General Advertiser of 4 June 1736. I believe this is probably the first mention of Roubiliac in the English press.
To Mr ROUBILIAC on seeing a bust made by him of SENESINO by Mr LOCKMAN
When Senesino breathes in Vocal strains
We think Apollo’s left the aetherial plains
When we the Warbler view, by thee exprest
He seems as by the hand of nature drest
Thy art so happily eludes the eye
His voice such sweetness boasts, and swells so high,
That which best imitates, twill doubtful be
Thou Senesino or Apollo be
Senesino left England in 1736 never to return.
Farinelli (Carlo Broschi born Jan. 24, 1705, Naples, died July 15, 1782, Bologna ), the castrato opera singer left England 11 June 1737.
Lead bust possibly of Farinelli by Roubiliac
London Art Market 2010
see - http://bathartandarchitecture.blogspot.com/2014/01/a-very-good-and-extremely-rare-mid-18th.html
The lead busts of Dr Salmon and his wife V and A
Purchased together with A.19-1921 from the Rev. J.D.C. Wickham, 8 Landsdown Place East, Bath in 1921 for £170.
Image courtesy V and A
Another excellent unidentified lead bust
Including pedestal height: 75.5cm
Note the typical socle used by Cheere
Image courtesy V and A
The Lead bust of Matthew Prior now in the Louvre
see my blog post
I would suggest that all these busts emanated from the same workshop.
Almost certainly that of John or Henry Cheere
The lead busts by John Cheere, illustrated here are all distinguished by the distinct style of the treatment of the embroidery work on their waistcoats.
The excellent workmanship suggests a top rank sculptor and Roubiliac falls neatly into that slot.
Low resolution images courtesy Sotheby's
Joseph Addison by John Cheere.
Lead bust of Addison by John Cheere
The Lead Bust of Addison, almost certainly by John Cheere from a photograph taken in 1917 of Heywood House, Ballinakill, co. Laois, Ireland.
The garden was redesigned and furnished from about 1909 by Sir Edwin Lutyens for Lt. Col. Sir William Hutchinson Poe.
This bust was one of four - the others were Cicero, Shakespeare and Handel.
The size is difficult to determine probably three quarter life size. The house was destroyed by fire in 1950. They have disappeared - see my blog entry for - 21 January 2014.
Photograph courtesy Country Life Photo Archive
The Kirkleatham plaster bust of Addison -
Supplied by John Cheere 1748 - York Museums
Another plaster bust of Addison by Cheere is at Stourhead
Size 55.5 x 38 cms
Photograph from the National Trust website
Another small bust of Addison sold from The Peter Hone Collection by Christie's Sth. Ken. 26 Oct 2016
No size given approx. 15 inches tall
This bust was reproduced by Wedgwood and Bentley
Wedgwood and Bentley
Late 18th century
Image courtesy Birmingham Museums
The Portraits of Addison
by Michael Dahl
oil on canvas, 1719
40 1/2 in. x 31 1/4 in. (1029 mm x 794 mm)
Image courtesy National Portrait Gallery - NPG 714
The slight double cleft chin in the Dahl portrait is missing in the lead bust.
A pair of life size lead busts of Andrea Palladio and Inigo Jones, were included in Christie’s sale of the collection of Professor Sir Albert Richardson PRA (1880-1964) in London on September 18 and 19. from the collection of the celebrated architect and President of the Royal Academy (1954-1956).
see - https://bathartandarchitecture.blogspot.com/2014/01/some-more-eighteenth-century-busts.html
Whilst we are on the subject:
I don't think this is Addison either or by David le Marchand
Supposedly Addison by Le Marchand
I think not.
Height 10.5 inches
Image Detroit Institute of Art
This fabulous little bust above is more likely to be French or German and should be compared with the anonymous ivory bust by C. Lacroix in the Metropolitan Museum.
Dimensions: Height (bust only): 5 5/8 in. (14.3 cm)
The Met website states
"The virtuoso Baroque carver, here signing C Lacroix fecit (under the man's left arm), was a Franco-Flemish native whose principal activity was in Genoa; he was possibly the same Lacroix, given name unrecorded, who was in Rome producing sculptures for the gardens at Versailles in 1680. Our subject has not been ascertained, but his identity may someday be unraveled through his dis tinctive pockmarked face and pugnacious profile. The two-ribbon tie was worn both in Genoa and at the court of Louis XIV. Lacroix established these details, as well as the pseudobrocade, with punctilio, but what really excited him was capturing the arrested flowing movement of wig and lace.
M. Fau , Paris (by 1865) ; Emma Lazarus Budge ; [ her sale, Paul Graupe, Berlin October 4–6, 1937, lot 85; sold to Otto Dettmers ] ; Otto Dettmers (1937–d. 1986; to his son) ; [ by descent to Boyke Dettmers , Bremen, 1986–2005; sold to MMA ]
Another Ivory bust perhaps by the same hand is in the V and A
and another anonymous bust in the V and A